Aaron Burr in the News 

August 2005 to March 2006


http://hnn.us/roundup/entries/23524.html  History News Network at George Mason University

Bancroft and Pulitzer Prize-winner Wood suggests that behind America's current romance with the founding fathers is a critique of our own leaders, a desire for such capable and disinterested leadership as was offered by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Revolutionary Characters : What Made the Founders Different JPG Provocatively, Wood argues that the very egalitarian democracy Washington and Co. created all but guarantees that we will "never again replicate the extraordinary generation of the founders." In 10 essays, most culled from the New York Review of Books and the New Republic, Wood offers miniature portraits of James Madison, Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Paine. The most stimulating chapter is devoted to John Adams, who died thinking he would never get his due in historians' accounts of the Revolution; for the most part, he was right. This piece is an important corrective; Adams, says Wood, was not only pessimistic about the greed and scrambling he saw in his fellow Americans, he was downright prophetic-and his countrymen, then and now, have never wanted to reckon with his critiques. Wood is an elegant writer who has devoted decades to the men about whom he is writing, and taken together, these pieces add perspective to the founding fathers cottage industry. -- Publishers Weekly advance praise for "Revolutionary Characters : What Made the Founders Different"

Must scapegoats be muzzled by executive privilege?


Michael Gaynor

Michael Gaynor
February 24, 2006

Does former FEMA Director and current Katrina scapegoat Michael D. Brown have an unfettered right to speak truthfully about his communications with the White House in general and President Bush in particular, especially now that he is a private citizen, whether or not President Bush asserts executive privilege?

My answer is yes. Even if Mr. Brown were still part of the Executive Branch, he would have the option to speak or to comply with an invocation of an executive privilege claim.

The Law Encyclopedia describes executive privilege as follows: "n. a claim by the President or another high official of the executive branch that he/she need not answer a request (including a subpoena issued by a court or Congress) for confidential government or personal communications, on the ground that such revelations would hamper effective governmental operations and decision-making. The rationale is that such a demand would violate the principle of separation of powers among the executive, legislative and judicial branches. If there is a potential criminal charge, executive privilege will be denied, as Richard Nixon discovered when he attempted to use executive privilege to deny Congress, the courts and the Department of Justice access to tapes and documents in the Watergate scandal (1973-1974)." www.thelawencyclopedia.com/term/executive_privilege

So executive privilege is the right of the President and high-level executive branch officials to withhold information from those with compulsory power — Congress and the courts.

But, executive privilege is not mentioned, much less defined, in the Constitution, and it is subject to egregious abuse.

The famous rationale for it — that presidential advisers will be reluctant to give frank advice if the president can be compelled to reveal it makes sense, for presidential advisers who gave bad advice and are in the President's good graces as well as in need of the President's protection.

But, what about presidential advisers who gave good advice, warnings or reports that was ignored? Especially such presidential advisers who would embarrass the President (while exonerating themselves) simply by telling the truth? Should such presidential advisers remain silent for the President's sake? Does the law require them to remain silent at the behest of the President? Or are they permitted to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, even when the President wants them not to say a word? And does it matter whether they become private citizens again?

Wikipedia provides helpful information:

"The concept of executive privilege is a legally murky one, since the Constitution does not mention it anywhere. The history of the doctrine underscores that point, since Presidents have generally sidestepped open confrontations with Congress and the courts over this issue by first asserting the privilege, then producing some of the documents requested on an assertedly voluntary basis.

"Jefferson set the precedent for this in the trial of Aaron Burr for treason in 1807. Burr asked the court to issue a subpoena duces tecum to compel Jefferson to provide his private letters concerning Burr. Chief Justice John Marshall, a strong proponent of the powers of the federal government but also a political opponent of Jefferson, ruled that the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution, which allows for these sorts of court orders for criminal defendants, did not provide any exception for the President. As for Jefferson's claim that disclosure of the document would imperil public safety, Marshall held that the court, not the President, would be the judge of that. Jefferson complied with Marshall's order, but claimed he was doing so voluntarily. President William Clinton did the same when agreeing to testify before the grand jury called by Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr only after negotiating the terms under which he would appear.


Thomas Jefferson comes alive for town meeting


Monday, February 27, 2006



Copyright © 2006 Republican-American

CORNWALL -- Bill Barker never gets bored with Thomas Jefferson.

For 22 years, the last 15 or so full time, Barker has represented the nation's third president, mostly at Colonial Williamsburg, but also at schools, for the National Park Service and other nonprofit groups in 43 states.

Barker brought Jefferson to Cornwall on Sunday, portraying the Virginia statesman at a special town meeting hosted by the Cornwall Consolidated School Fund for Excellence.

Sunday's session, which lasted about 90 minutes, began with Jefferson addressing town residents. "I search for every opportunity to leave the fetid swamp of politics in Washington," he said at the session's opening. "I have always enjoyed traveling incognito. It allows me to venture through this vast nation and to feel as one with the American citizenry."

He spoke in detail about the sustainability of the nation's still-new democratic experiment. That included the election of 1800, which ended in an electoral vote tie between Jefferson and Aaron Burr, but was ultimately decided in Jefferson's favor, marking a historic, peaceable transfer of power.


"The remarkable story is that we survived," he said.

"We survived by following our principals. We survived by following our constitution."


Barker, as Jefferson, then fielded questions on a wide variety of topics, everything from his views on the separation of church and state to women's rights and suffrage to the Louisiana Purchase.

"He had always fascinated me," Barker said after Sunday's session. "Monticello was usually a stop-off when we traveled down to North Carolina and Virginia. I was always interested in history."

Raised in Philadelphia, Barker traveled often with his family to Virginia, including Williamsburg, and to North Carolina.

A history major in college, he ultimately became a professional actor and director. It was 22 years ago that Al Gatter, an acquaintance from the theater world and a Philadelphia teacher who portrayed William Penn, noted Barker's resemblance to Jefferson.

Barker and Jefferson, Gatter pointed out, were the same height, weight and complexion.

"He's the first one I can remember who made a decided effort to say, 'Hey, did you ever think of this?'" Barker said. "I wouldn't have thought it."

Initially, Barker began portraying Jefferson at Philadelphia's Independence Hall while continuing with his work in theater. Thirteen years ago, he began portraying Jefferson full time at Williamsburg, which in the spring of 1993 was celebrating the 250th anniversary of Jefferson's birth.

He continues to research Jefferson.


(This story continued on page 2)


Arnold A. Rogow, 81, a Writer Who Put History on the Couch, Dies


Published: March 2, 2006
Arnold A. Rogow, an author and political scientist who trained as a psychoanalyst to gain insight into historical figures like Alexander Hamilton, died on Feb. 14 at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia hospital in Manhattan. He was 81.

The cause was complications of a stroke, his daughter Jeanne Rogow said.

Mr. Rogow, a professor at City College of New York, argued in his book "A Fatal Friendship: Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr" (Hill and Wang, 1998) that Hamilton became obsessed with his hatred of Burr and that this obsession ultimately prompted him to force the situation that led to his death in their duel. Hamilton, more than Burr, was thus responsible for Hamilton's death, Mr. Rogow argued.

He arrived at his conclusion by examining Hamilton's personal letters. So far as is known, Burr never openly criticized Hamilton.

Mr. Rogow used his psychoanalytic knowledge to diagnose Hamilton as a manic depressive who, in effect, committed suicide by agreeing to fight a duel with Burr. Mr. Rogow argued that Hamilton was pulled down by recurring illnesses and was depressed by Washington's unexpected death in 1799.

Hamilton's decision not to fire, as well as his serenity in the days before the duel, contributed to Mr. Rogow's diagnosis.

Some critics suggested that Mr. Rogow's psychological approach to biography was limited. Fred Anderson, a historian who reviewed "A Fatal Friendship" in The Los Angeles Times, said Mr. Rogow relied on motives that can "only be inferred from the elliptical and fragmentary writings of the participants."

Suggesting that Mr. Rogow's narrative became lost in the "psychosexual wilderness," Mr. Anderson wrote, "The result is a narrative so thick with ifs and maybes that even Rogow loses his way."

Mr. Rogow wrote or edited a dozen or so other books in which he applied his psychoanalytic expertise, including biographies of James V. Forrestal, who was the first secretary of defense when he committed suicide, and Thomas Hobbes, the political philosopher.

Arnold Austin Rogow was born in Harrisburg, Pa., on Aug. 10, 1924. His father died when he was 5 and his mother when he was 12. He sought refuge in books, his daughter said.

His studies at the University of Wisconsin were disrupted by his joining the Army as an infantryman in World War II. He served in the Battle of the Bulge, earned a Purple Heart and a Bronze Star and made friends with Gertrude Stein in Paris.

He graduated from the University of Wisconsin in 1947 and earned his Ph.D. in political science from Princeton in 1953. He then taught at the University of Iowa and Stanford before coming to City College in 1966.

While teaching political science, he became qualified as a psychoanalyst at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute. As part of his training, he underwent analysis himself and later became a practicing psychotherapist in addition to teaching and writing.

In an interview with The New York Post in 1970, Mr. Rogow explained the dynamic between psychiatry and politics. "Sick societies producing sick people who produce sick politics," he said. "They all feed on each other."

Mr. Rogow is survived by his companion, Martha Moraes; his daughters, Jeanne, of Whiting, Vt., and Jennifer Rogow Wilson, of Jackson, Miss.; and three grandchildren.

In 1975, Mr. Rogow essentially psychoanalyzed the United States in his book "The Dying of the Light: A Searching Look at America Today." He saw a violent, confused, unfair country.

Reviewing the book in The New York Times Book Review, Richard Goodwin wrote, "Mr. Rogow confronts problems which are darkly fundamental and, therefore, beyond the reach of contemporary political discourse."


Wednesday, February 22, 2006
Princeton, NJ Weather
Partly Cloudy, 24ºF
Home of notables
Celebrated statesmen, intellectuals buried minutes from campus

Photo by Katherine Anderson

Home of notables: Aaron Burr, Jr., a member of the Class of the 1772, is among the prominent Princetonians buried in the Princeton Cemetery's "Presidents' Plot".

    Within blocks of the University reside several professors, diplomats, senators, one U.S. president and a signatory of the Declaration of Independence. And they live together.

    They rest in what one historian termed the "Westminster Abbey of the United States": Princeton Cemetery, a small plot of land on Witherspoon Street, across from the Princeton Public Library.

    Established in 1757 and located at the end of Greenview Avenue, the cemetery houses the graves of numerous prominent figures, including leaders of the town, University and nation.

    President Grover Cleveland, arguably the cemetery's most famous resident, is buried in the northwest corner of the grounds alongside First Lady Frances Cleveland. Cleveland's birthday is celebrated every March with a eulogy and wreath-laying ceremony by a Fort Dix military guard. First daughter Ruth Cleveland, known as the inspiration for the "Baby Ruth" candy bar, is also buried there.

    Tours of the cemetery are offered two weekends a year, typically around Memorial Day. Elizabeth Evans and her husband, Bill, have conducted these tours on a voluntary basis for 42 years.

    "We traveled around to different states and interviewed family members to find interesting stories to tell about these people," Elizabeth Evans said.





    Along the way, the family learned the story of Jimmy Johnson, a runaway slave who sold pencils, apples and candy on campus in the mid-to-late 19th century. When he died in 1902, students took up a collection to have him buried in the cemetery.

    All but four of the dead presidents of Princeton are buried in the Presidents' Plot on the south side of the cemetery, referred to as the "Old Graveyard." Many of these tombs are located above ground with detailed Latin inscriptions.

    The oldest surviving tomb in the Presidents' Plot is that of Aaron Burr, Sr., former president of the University. Burr is perhaps better known as father of Aaron Burr, Jr., who served as vice president during Thomas Jefferson's first term as President of the United States before killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Burr, Jr. is buried next to his father.

    Some of the people buried in the cemetery are familiar to Princeton students in name only. Arnold Henry Guyot, Moses Taylor Pyne and the McCosh family are among the people whose names have since been attached to buildings on campus.

    Another familiar name on a gravestone is that of Paul Tulane, whose donations led to the creation of Tulane University. Theologian Jonathan Edwards, pollster George Gallup and Jose and Kitty Menendez, the slain parents of Erik and Lyle, are also buried there. Lyle Menendez attended Princeton in the late 1980s.

    In certain areas, inscriptions have eroded over time and distinct names and information can be hard to discern. The cemetery, though, has plaques next to some of the more prominent tombs to indicate what the stones originally said.

    New gravesites in the Princeton Cemetery might soon become limited. "This is basically one of the only cemeteries that's been around so long, it is being sold out to capacity," said Douglas Sutphen, superintendent of the cemetery. The cemetery is now closing down some old stone driveways and using those areas for gravesites as well.

    According to Sutphen, a few hundred people visit the cemetery annually. "Though some people do come to mourn at graves, I'd say about 80 percent come just for the historical value," he said.

    George Brown, who previously ran the Memorial Day tour, said that few students seem to care about the cemetery. "They aren't interested or they don't know about it," he said.

    Sutphen, however, said that many of the cemetery's current visitors are University students.

    In some cases, it is the visitors themselves who add to the tradition of the cemetery.

    "A father of the Olympics is buried in the cemetery," Elizabeth Evans said, referring to Princeton professor William Milligan Sloane, who founded the U.S. Olympic Committee in the 1890s. The Olympic torch was carried through the cemetery on the way to the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

    "One of the good aspects of this cemetery is that it has its own maintenance and preservation fund," Sutphen said. "It will be taken care of for years and years to come."

Proposed letter to the Editor:

We enjoyed reading the story by Princetonian Staff Writer Aditi Eleswarapu "Home of Notables - Celebrated statesmen", about the intellectuals buried minutes from campus.
The selection of the photo of Colonel Aaron Burr Jr.'s memorial stone was gratifying to members of the Aaron Burr Association.
We consider Vice President Burr to be the first true feminist in America, marrying his elder wife for her intellect, and motivating their daughter Theodosia to be the best educated American woman of the 18th century.
Burr's Assembly House resolution to end slavery in New York in 1785 made him the greatest Abolitionist of his time too.
We are very appreciative of Princeton's commitment to funding his final resting place with perpetual landscaping care.
Sincerely, Peter Tavino PE
Litchfield, CT
Webmaster ABA



So whom does he see starring as the Weedman if a filmmaker takes the bait? "Ice-T looks a lot like me," he said. "But Snoop Dogg, he's lived the life. He'd be my first choice."

- Sam Wood

'The birthplace of duels'

There's a newsroom belief that wild stories probably have a Jersey connection.

Take the one about Vice President Cheney's accidentally shooting a lawyer friend Feb. 11.

While history buffs quickly noted that Aaron Burr was the first sitting vice president to shoot a man, it took State Sen. Joseph Vitale (D., Middlesex) to make it a matter of state pride.

"We should be rightfully recognized as the birthplace of duels and where vice presidents shoot their friends," Vitale said.

Burr shot former friend Alexander Hamilton, a lawyer, in Weehawken, N.J., in 1804 in a duel. Hamilton died a day later.

Fortunately, Cheney's lawyer friend, Harry Whittington, appears to be surviving his birdshot wounds.

- Cynthia Burton

Wanted: New Gloucester County sheriff



chicagotribune.com >>


Published February 16, 2006


"The vice president didn't see him. The covey flushed and the vice president picked out a bird and was following it and shot. And by God, Harry was in the line of fire and got peppered pretty good."

--Katharine Armstrong, the owner of a Texas ranch where Vice President Dick Cheney accidentally shot fellow hunter Harry Whittington.

"The orange that they're wearing is not because they're concerned that the vice president may be there."

--White House press secretary Scott McClellan, during a news conference explaining the burnt orange color that the University of Texas championship football team wore during their visit to the White House.

"Cheney's was clearly an accident. Burr's was a matter of Hamilton drawing him into the duel and Hamilton bringing hair-trigger pistols for a slight advantage."

--Peter Tavino comparing Vice President Dick Cheney's shooting of a hunter with former Vice President Aaron Burr's shooting of Alexander Hamilton in a duel.




Sound bites
Notable quotes from this week's newsmakers


"Next time you come up here and propose a tax you can't pass, dumping the problem in the lap of Congress, I'm going to make you pay the price."

Rep. Hal Rogers, R-Ky., to Transportation Safety Administration chief Kip Hawley about a proposed security tax on airline tickets.


"We all assume certain risks in what we do, in what activities we pursue."

Harry Whittington, recovering from his accidental shooting by Vice President Dick Cheney while they were hunting Feb. 11.


"Cheney's was clearly an accident. Burr's was a matter of Hamilton drawing him into the duel and Hamilton bringing hair-trigger pistols for a slight advantage."

Peter Tavino, in comparing Cheney's shooting of Whittington with former Vice President Aaron Burr's shooting of Alexander Hamilton in a duel.


"I got nowhere to go."

Meoshia Davis, 21, one of about 12,000 families made homeless by hurricanes Katrina and Rita who began checking out of their federally funded hotel rooms Monday after the government pulled back funding for the temporary housing.


Burr-dened with guilt
By Brian Fraga, Standard-Times Correspondent

2-15-06 andy_in/mock burr trial 2-15-06/kendal.jpg ANDREW T. GALLAGHER/Standard-Times Special Prosecution Atty. Kendal Ramos reads from a passage of testamony while questioning "Van Ness" played by Jeremy McAffee. Kendal was part of a sophmore group from the N. B. Global Charter Learning School that held a mock trial of Aaron Burr at the SNESL last night.

DARTMOUTH — More than 200 years after Vice President Aaron Burr shot and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel at Weekhawken, N.J., Burr faced trial in a courtroom at the Southern New England School of Law on Faunce Corner Road.
This time there was a twist — Hamilton himself was called upon as a witness to describe what it felt like to be mortally wounded at the hand of Burr, his political rival.
The Burr-Hamilton affair — brought back into the national conscience with recent news headlines of a shooting involving a certain modern-day vice president — was the "presentation of learning" project of the 10th-grade class of the New Bedford Global Learning Charter School.
The students presented a mock trial of Burr, charged with second-degree murder, last night at SNESL. Guided by history teacher Chris Jones, who served as the courtroom bailiff, student Angeline Ladetto presided as judge while student defense and prosecution teams attempted to sway a jury comprised of community residents, family members and school staff.
"The students did all the work researching the case, coming up with case theories, crafting their opening statements," said Mr. Jones, who taught the "Law, Justice, and Society" course associated with the project, which was sparked after Hamilton insulted Burr through a trouble-making reporter.
"I noticed that at lunch time, the seating arrangements changed according to which sides the students were on," Mr. Jones said. "It was fun listening to them talk smack about who was going to beat who."
The prosecution team — comprised of students Shakeela Najjir, Kendal Ramos, Edwin Lugo and Matthew Hopkins — called upon witnesses to build upon their theory that Burr intended to kill Hamilton, and did not accidentally misfire his pistol into the former treasury secretary's abdomen.
"Mr. Burr is a murderer and he has no right to get away with killing Alexander Hamilton," Najjir said during her closing statements to the jury.
"The lesson Burr sought to teach Hamilton cost him his life. What kind of lesson is that?"
The defense, meanwhile, made their best case in arguing the fatal shot was the result of Burr slipping on a rock and losing his aim. For good measure, defense lawyers Kevin and Monica Marques, Matt Correia and Khalil Woods called upon Maria Reynolds, Hamilton's mistress, as a witness to smear the Hamiltonian reputation.
Gil Monteiro, playing the role of Burr, said he wasn't trying to kill Hamilton, but "teach him a lesson." When Najjir asked him what that lesson was during cross-examination, Monteiro simply stated, "Don't disrespect me."
The impartial jury apparently didn't buy that logic, as they convicted Burr of second-degree murder after 10 minutes of deliberation. Ms. Ramos, 15, humbly said she did not care whether her prosecution team nailed Burr or not, but enjoyed the experience.
"Everyone put their best foot forward, and it came out really great," she said. "But it does feel pretty good to win."



Congratulations on publishing this interesting article.
Thank you for allowing me to get the hair trigger message out there to your vast audience.
Please let me know if I can be of any further assistance regarding Colonel Burr.
Peter Tavino PE


Posted on Wed, Feb. 15, 2006

Vice presidents share curious lineage

Associated Press

Late in the 1960 campaign, a reporter asked outgoing President Dwight Eisenhower to name an important contribution Vice President Richard Nixon, who was running to succeed him, had made to his administration.

"If you give me a week," Eisenhower replied, "I might think of one."

The 46 men who have served as the nation's second-in-command form a curious lineage - made only more bizarre by Vice President Dick Cheney's accidental shooting of a hunting companion on a Texas ranch.

Sure, they cast tie-breaking votes in the Senate. And they stand a moment away from assuming the most powerful job in the free world.

But vice presidents also have wound up often on the business end of Washington one-liners deriding their job as worthless. And some of the best cracks have been hurled by the very men who held the job, or were offered it.

Taken together, they make up a kind of vice-presidential open-mike night:

John Nance Garner, who served two terms as veep under Franklin D. Roosevelt, once characterized the job as "not worth a bucket of warm spit" - alternately quoted with another body fluid.

Daniel Webster, an orator and U.S. senator, passed up the nomination for the No. 2 slot on the Whig Party ticket in 1848. The punch line: "I do not propose to be buried until I am really dead."

Dan Quayle, while vice president, faced endless mockery for adding an "e" to "potato."

But pity the veep: Even the most critical task of the No. 2 puts him in an awkward spot, noted Stephen Hess, professor of media and public affairs at George Washington University and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.

"The president looks across the cabinet table at the vice president and has to realize, `The only reason he's there is in case I die," Hess said.

None of which is to make light of the responsibilities of the post. Vice presidents have been part of some of the most important moments in American history.

Think of the black-and-white photo of a somber Lyndon B. Johnson, taking the oath of office aboard a plane in 1963, a shaken Jacqueline Kennedy to his left. Think of Cheney himself, bunker-bound and working the phones on Sept. 11, 2001.

And think of the most famous duel in American history: The shooting of Alexander Hamilton by a pistol-wielding Aaron Burr, vice president to Thomas Jefferson, on the New Jersey banks of the Hudson River in 1804. Hamilton died the next day.

Burr and Hamilton had a long-standing political rivalry, and Hamilton made no secret of his distrust for Burr when Burr, who had narrowly missed beating Jefferson, ran for governor of New York in early 1804.

When Burr got wind of a newspaper article that reported Hamilton had a "despicable opinion" of him, he challenged Hamilton to a duel near Weehawken, N.J. - and won, firing a .54-caliber pistol.

Hamilton, from his deathbed, forgave Burr, who was indicted on murder charges but never brought to trial.

The duel remains in some ways a just subject to some members of the Aaron Burr Association, who believe Burr - who himself was unhappy as vice president because he disagreed with Jefferson about slavery - hasn't gotten a fair shake from history.

"Hamilton is thought to be the victim and the hero, while Burr is found to be a foe," said Peter Tavino, a civil engineer who has published articles for the group. "And we don't believe it. "Most people are ignorant and just like to paint people as guilty or someone that we should hate."

He said the Cheney shooting has spurred discussion within his group - but quickly brought the conversation back to defending its hero.

"Cheney's was clearly an accident," Tavino said. "Burr's was a matter of Hamilton drawing him into the duel and Hamilton bringing hair-trigger pistols for a slight advantage."

Cheney's errant shots, which landed 78-year-old attorney Harry Whittington in intensive care, almost instantly seemed to launch a thousand late-night groaners. (More than one wisecracker dubbed Cheney "No. 2 - with a bullet.")

There were some calls by bloggers Tuesday to tone down the jokes while Whittington recovered, but they were seemed drowned out by the Cheney-shooting jokes that continued to swamp inboxes.

Which, for a sitting vice president, may just be par for the course.

Even the Burr-Hamilton duel eventually found its way into the pantheon of veep humor.

It happened in 1993, when the milk industry launched the first of its "Got Milk?" TV spots. Featured was a history buff who stuffs a peanut-butter sandwich into his mouth, then is randomly called by a radio DJ offering $10,000 for knowing who shot Hamilton.

The man realizes, to his terror, that he has run out of milk.

Which is why, if you ask a friend today who shot Alexander Hamilton, you have even odds of hearing "Aaaaawon Buuuhhh" as the answer.






I'm trying to reach an official of the Aaron Burr Association to contact today for a brief phone interview. I'm working on a piece, related to Vice President Cheney's accidental shooting of a hunting companion in Texas, that includes some discussion of the Burr-Hamilton duel. Is there an appropriate person within the ABA that I should be trying to reach -- and if so, how?
Thanks very much!
Erin McClam
National Writer, Associated Press Newsfeatures



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By The Lobotomist, Section News
Posted on Sun Feb 12, 2006 at 01:37:03 PM EST

Name the last sitting VP to shoot a person.


No... not Aaron Burr. If you had been asked the question Saturday morning, the third Vice President -- serving under Thomas Jefferson -- WOULD have been the correct answer.

Then, at about 5:30 pm Saturday....THIS happened.



Vice President Dick Cheney accidentally shot and injured a man during a weekend quail hunting trip in Texas, his spokeswoman said Sunday.  Harry Whittington, 78, was "alert and doing fine" after Cheney sprayed him with shotgun pellets on Saturday while the two were hunting at the Armstrong Ranch in south Texas, said property owner Katharine Armstrong. Armstrong said Whittington was mostly injured on his right side, with the pellets hitting his cheek, neck and chest, and was taken to the hospital by ambulance.  Whittington was in stable condition Sunday, said Yvonne Wheeler, spokeswoman for the Christus Spohn Health System.

Back to Aaron Burr. He was later tried (although acquitted) for treason.

Will this strange vice-presidential historical coincidence continue?



History in highlights




Feb. 12, 1809: Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, was born in present-day Larue County, Ky.

Feb. 13, 1935: A jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-death of the son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann later was executed.)

Feb. 14, 1929: The "St. Valentine's Day Massacre" took place in a Chicago garage as seven rivals of Al Capone's gang were gunned down.

Feb. 15, 1898: The U.S. battleship Maine mysteriously blew up in Havana Harbor, killing more than 260 crew members and bringing the United States closer to war with Spain.


Feb. 16, 1945: American troops landed on the island of Corregidor in the Philippines during World War II.

Feb. 17, 1801: The House of Representatives broke an electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, electing Jefferson president; Burr became vice president.

Feb. 18, 1885: Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" was published in the United States for the first time.






Today is Monday, Feb. 6, the 37th Day of 2006 with 328 to Follow.


The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Neptune, Jupiter, Pluto and Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Saturn, Uranus and Mercury.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Aquarius. They include England`s Queen Anne in 1665; statesman Aaron Burr in 1756; baseball great George Herman 'Babe' Ruth in 1895; former President Ronald Reagan in 1911; actors Patrick MacNee in 1922 (age 84), Zsa Zsa Gabor in 1923 (age 83) and Rip Torn in 1931 (age 75); French film director Francois Truffaut in 1932; actors Mike Farrell in 1939 (age 67) and Michael Tucker in 1944 (age 62); television news anchorman Tom Brokaw in 1940 (age 66); handgun activist Sarah Brady in 1942 (age 64); singers Fabian Forte in 1943 (age 63) and Natalie Cole in 1950 (age 56); and actor/director Robert Townsend and actress Kathy Najimy, both in 1957 (age 49).


Latin lovers whoop it up at convention
400+ students turn out here
By Susan Troller  Madison, 1/28/06

When more than 400 enthusiastic young Latin lovers packed Great Hall of the Memorial Union this week, their whoops and cheers were loud enough to, well, awaken a dead language.


Hailing from both public and private high schools, the exuberant students were attending the annual Wisconsin Junior Classical League Convention, which began Thursday and ends today. The unlikely object of their enthusiasm was the study of Latin, which was, repeatedly, described as awesome, amazing and life-altering. ...

Aaron and Caleb Burr, a senior and freshman brother duo who are part of a 33-student convention delegation from Edgewood High School, are also Latin fans. Aaron, who is taking Advanced Placement 4th year Latin, finds the ancient history compelling, and he loves a competition called Certamen that poses tough Latin questions in a Jeopardy-style format. ...



1/21/06  From Lyman  whose review of Alan Clark's book will appear in the next Chronicle:

Your comments (on the book ) (on this web site in early December) are pungent and appropriate.  You might want to add that Clark says Timothy Edwards was the third president of Princeton p. 41 (Not so); Clark keeps referring to Matthew Davis as a witness to the duel p. 55 (not so), Burr's third at the duel p. ?? (really?) and observer to the duel p. 119 (that's a stretch); the name of Burr's uncle was Pierpont Edwards, not Pierpoint, or occasionally, Pierrepoint; Burr married Theodosia on July 4, 1782 p.71 (it was really July 2); John Vanderlyn was married p. 70 (my info is he never married). This kind  of sloppiness would indicate that Clark's whole thesis is equally sloppy.





Women of Influence
A Conversation with Cokie Roberts

NEH Chairman Bruce Cole talked recently with ABC and NPR news analyst Cokie Roberts about her most recent book, Founding Mothers, and the role women played in the early days of the Republic.

Bruce Cole: I'm very interested in the role of women in politics. In your book, Founding Mothers, you bring a particular perspective to the importance of women in our political history. Could you talk a little bit about that?

Roberts: Growing up in Washington in the 1940s and 1950s I saw the influence of women like my mother--married to Hale Boggs, my father, who had come to Congress when he was twenty-six and she was twenty-four back in 1941--and then the women that she associated with, Mrs. Lyndon Johnson, Mrs. Albert Gore, and Mrs. Gerald Ford. They were very influential in the community of Washington itself, working alongside the African American women who were here, and extremely influential in their husbands' campaigns and careers.

Then, when I became a journalist covering politics, my mother ended up running for office and serving nine terms in Congress. I became interested in what happened when a woman went from being behind the scenes to the person in power. Women in politics


Cole: Were there any women you didn't react to well?

Roberts: Actually, I wasn't crazy about Mercy Otis Warren. To the degree that the men were able to do what they were able to do because the women made it possible for them by taking over everything at home, she refused to do that. James Warren should have been in Philadelphia with Adams and Hancock and the other Massachusetts men and she just wouldn't let him go, partly because she really couldn't manage on her own. She was the exception to the rule.

When Abigail, who was young and had all these little children, was upset that John was about to go off to Europe and it would be years before she saw him again, Mercy Warren had the nerve to write her a letter saying, "What are you talking about? It's your duty as a patriot to have him go." So she was not, you know, a lot of fun.

The other person who I just didn't warm up to, but felt terribly sorry for, was Esther Edwards Burr, Aaron Burr's mother. She was the daughter of Jonathan Edwards, and spent her young life as a minister's wife in moral agony over whether she was doing the right thing, whether her mortal soul was in danger, all of these things. She was trying to manage a household with a couple of little kids and her family far away; he was president of Princeton and she had to do all that entertaining. I felt terrible for her, but again, she wasn't exactly fun and games.

Cole: When you talk about the women,



Theater Review: Slice and dice




By Jeanne McCartin


The Duel," James Patrick Kelly’s new play, is actually two in one. The first act is a history primer. The second is what the Nottingham writer is best at - a tale of interesting possibilities. "The Duel’s" effectiveness is as broad as its threaded tales, and is most successful and engaging when Kelly speaks his own language - his fiction rather than fact.

Kelly’s production first explores the heated relationship between founding fathers Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton, which in fact, when the pair duel, ends with the death of the latter. Kelly stops time at the point the two face off, then takes history for a spin, exploring what would have happened had the outcome been different.

The altered history, which starts at the end of the first act, and runs the entirety of act two, has New England and New York at war with the United States after they secede from the union, something advocated for during that time in history.

The first act is largely composed of freeze-and-instruct moments, with the actors holding their place and reciting the words of historical figures. In one longer scene, Burr, played by Steve Bornstein, and Hamilton, played by Kevin Collins, deliver original lines with facts lifted from history books. Two additional actors recite the words of numerous other historical figures. This, as with the entire play, is accompanied by music written by Portsmouth’s Jose Duque.

WHAT “The Duel” presented by New Hampshire Theatre Project
WHERE West End Studio Theatre, 959 Islington St., Portsmouth
WHEN through Jan. 22, Fridays and Saturdays at 8 p.m., Sundays at 2 p.m.
COST $20 adults, $15 students and seniors
CONTACT 431-6644 ext. 5; or e-mail info@Nhtheatreproject.org.

The scene is difficult to stay with for a number of reasons. First it takes a while to catch on to the format. There is a sense that action is frozen to instruct the audience. Then, when you start to follow along, you are constantly drawn out by the music. The show relies on the music to provide rhythm or to interrupt or heighten tension. It’s a valiant attempt that doesn’t work. Throughout most of the play the music is distracting, at times melodramatic, even grating. In both acts the music upstages the performances at times, making the dialogue hard to follow.

It feels as though "The Duel" begins with act two. It’s here we meet fleshed out and real characters with interesting stories. It’s set in a boarding house in Nottingham, NH, two years into the fictional war between New England and the union. It’s here amidst a family affected by the battle, Burr and Hamilton meet again, and determine the war’s direction.

The performers seem to move on the script’s waves. With the exception of Collins as Hamilton, and Joseph Chase as William Van Ness, who are believable throughout, the actors appear academic and stiff in act one. In act two they all come alive, delivering interesting and authentic performances.

Steve Bornstein gives a solid portrayal of Burr, at times dead on, others in step with the music, overplaying the scene. Lisa Richardson is stilted as Clara Fulham in the first act, and brilliant in act two as Polly Kelsey. Kathleen Somssich as Eliza Hamilton in act one, and as Rachel Kelsey in act two; and Thomas Olson as Pendleton in act one and Claggett in act two, follow suit.

Director Blair Hundertmark does little to ease the sense of stand and deliver in the play’s first half. He stages the actors in still positions when they recite historical lines. This is successful only in the scene during which Burr and Hamilton read their wills. But again, as it is with the entire show, he comes alive, and waves a strong directorial hand over act two.

The supporting arts for this play are wonderful. Kudos to Zhana Morris, who has created rich and authentic costumes, and to Quentin F. Stockwell for his apt lighting design.

"The Duel" is uneven, but interesting. If you’re a history buff, don’t miss it. And if not, if you’re a James Patrick Kelly fan – or a fan of fine one-act plays, "The Duel" is worth the wait through act one.
















The Doctor Is In! Tommy Tune's Dr. Dolittle Makes His First House Call, in Houston, Jan. 17

By Kenneth Jones
17 Jan 2006

The Hobby Center in Houston is the first place Tommy Tune makes a house call as Dr. Dolittle, starting Jan. 17.

Tony Award-winner Tune is star and director of this revamped national tour of the Leslie Bricusse musical about the veterinarian who can talk to the animals, but has a less easy time with members of the human race.

In recent months, Tune, choreographer Patti Colombo, musical director Michael Biagi and writer Lee Tannen have been working to overhaul the touring production that was shut down by producers in October following lackluster business. A new cast was brought in by Tune.

The producers hope that Tune's name above the title will help stimulate ticket sales.

Three-time Tony Award nominee Dee Hoty plays Emma Fairfax, the woman in love with a man who talks to the animals, in the freshened national tour. The casting of Hoty (Footloose, City of Angels) had long been rumored but not confirmed until early December 2005. Tune directed Hoty in The Best Little Whorehouse Goes Public and The Will Rogers Follies.

Twelve-year-old newcomer Aaron Burr was handpicked by Tommy Tune to play Chee-Chee the chimpanzee. In summer 2005, Burr won the Greatest Dancer competition on ABC's "Good Morning America," judged by Tune and a handful of other celebrity judges.

Filling out the cast are .....





This is a great play.

The playwright James Patrick Kelly and I posed after the opening night.

In the first act Burr is true to character (except with a married woman (:    )

It ends when Burr throws away his fire.

In the second act of fiction, if Hamilton lived,

we see New Hampshire as part of the confederate New England states,

trying to break from the slave owning Virginians.

Pickering is confederate president, but captured.

Burr is VP in hiding.

Gen Hamilton working for the Virginia Union meets him in the tavern to surrender.

I loved it, especially the Mary Wollstonecraft  parts.

It is very dramatic with six great actors and actresses.

Pete  1/15/06


TheChronicleHerald.ca HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA | Friday January 13, 2006


Pauper’s work worth pretty penny
Christie’s to auction 19th-century painting

A portrait by a former Halifax painter who deceived the public to make a buck and died a pauper is about to go on the auction block.

Christie’s is expecting a miniature portrait of Alexander Hamilton, the famed American revolutionary officer, founding father and politician, will fetch as much as $35,000 in a Jan. 20 auction at New York City’s Rockefeller Plaza. The painter was William Weaver, an Englishman born in 1759, who spent time painting Halifax’s elite around 1798.

"I think it’s fair to call him a Nova Scotia artist, at least for part of his career," said Paul Schweizer, a recognized expert on the painter’s work.

"He did attach himself with the garrison up there. . . . He moved in those circles."

At the time, Halifax was a wealthy city, said Dianne O’Neill, associate curator of historical prints and drawings at the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia.

"There was money here," she said. "Artists and theatre people always go where the money is."

Indeed, profit is likely what prompted Mr. Weaver to move south of the border. In New York he produced about a dozen fake live portraits of Mr. Hamilton, who died in a famous 1804 duel with Aaron Burr that was brought on by a longtime political and personal feud.

After Mr. Hamilton’s death, Mr. Weaver used a polygraphic "contraption" that employed a series of levers and springs to trace an earlier profile portrait of Mr. Hamilton that was painted while he was still alive, said Mr. Schweizer, director of the Museum of Art at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute in Utica, N.Y.

Mr. Weaver made a series of paintings of the famous man "in an attempt to capitalize on the market enthusiasm," Mr. Schweizer said.

"Any time you can represent a portrait as having been made from life, there is more value to the picture."

Based on ads Mr. Weaver placed in newspapers at the time, Mr. Schweizer estimated he sold each of the fakes for a few hundred dollars — large sums at the time. But the hefty price tags probably had more to do with the subject matter than the quality of the work.

"Hamilton had considerable political following in the United States and, in many ways, saw himself as George Washington’s logical and inevitable successor," he said. "Weaver recognized . . . how much public sentiment and sympathy was out there for the man, and, by the way, that means revenue."

Mr. Weaver learned his copying craft in London at the Polygraphic Society, Mr. Schweizer said.

"And I believe that the idea for these polygraphic copies was his attempt to exploit that technology by making multiple copies of the profile of Hamilton based on an earlier print by another artist."

But subtle details and some slick detective work by Mr. Schweizer gave the painter away. In the portrait Mr. Hamilton is depicted wearing the rank of a brigadier-general, a rank he never held. He’s also sporting a blue vest, which was never part of the army’s uniform.

Mr. Schweizer noted this took place in a "pre-copyright age. . . . So the idea of



Alexander Hamilton Was Born on This Day


Today is the birthday of Alexander Hamilton, born in 1755 (although this year is in dispute) in the Leeward Islands in the British West Indies. Fortunately, a recent biography lays out his life in copious detail, but suffice to say here that Hamilton had more in common with Abraham Lincoln than any of the men of the founding generation, having been born into humble conditions but with a tenacity of purpose that drew attention at an early age and opened the doors of political life to him even before he reached his majority. He was an aide to General George Washington, participated in the Confederation Congress and the Federal Convention of 1787, inspired and wrote most of the essays for The Federalist, served as the first Secretary of the Treasury, was a seminal thinker on both domestic economy and foreign affairs and defense, was invariably his own man (sometime to his and his party's detriment) and agreed to a duel with Aaron Burr that ended the latter's career even as he sacrificed his own life.

Richard Reeb | January 11, 2006 | 10:38 AM




The Softer Side Of Edwards

Yale Project Finds More To Theologian Than Fire And Brimstone
January 10, 2006
By ADRIAN BRUNE, Special to the Courant

Those of us who think we know Jonathan Edwards, the 18th-century fire and brimstone theologian, don't really know one of Connecticut's most famous sons. We really only know the side that brought his congregation to their knees with words like this: "The God that holds you over the pit of hell, much as one holds a spider ... abhors you, he looks upon you as worthy of nothing else, but to be cast into the fire."

Yale Divinity School historian Kenneth P. Minkema wants people to see the warm, fuzzy side of Edwards, the side that wandered through fields and sat on the pristine banks of the Hudson; the side that pondered an "appearance of divine glory, in almost everything."


"I often used to sit and view the moon, for a long time; and so in the daytime, spent much time in viewing the clouds and sky ... in the meantime, singing forth with a low voice, my contemplations of the Creator and Redeemer," he wrote in a letter to his son-in-law Aaron Burr, father to the famous 18th-century politician.


Last April, the Jonathan Edwards site went live (edwards.yale.edu) with his major works, including the punishing discourse "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." By the time Minkema finishes the site, it will contain, besides the primary texts, reference works, secondary works, chronologies, audio and video, and visual sources.



Call or email our newsroom at (601) 442-9101.

Sunday, January 8, 2006

Published: Jan 07, 2006 - 10:45:38 pm CST
Fascinated by history of Auburn, McGehee compiles house’s history
By Joan Gandy
The Natchez Democrat

Architect Levi Weeks put distress and infamy behind him when he came to Natchez to start a new life.

That second chance at life is what fascinated Bill McGehee, when he began to dig into the history of Auburn, the 1812 Natchez mansion and masterpiece attributed to Weeks’ hand.

“My wife became associated with Auburn,” McGehee said of his wife, Dottie, who joined the Auburn Garden Club a few years ago. “She kept nagging me to research, and that’s how I began researching the people associated with Auburn, beginning with Lyman Harding and going all the way to the garden club ladies who saved the place.”

Auburn was saved twice, he said, first by members of a women’s club in the 1930s and then again in 1972 by the Town and Country Garden Club, which became the Auburn Garden Club.

Recently, members of the Auburn club installed a marker in memory of Levi Weeks in the Natchez City Cemetery near the grave site of Harding, the first owner of Auburn who commissioned Weeks to build the house.

Dottie McGehee said it was the right thing to do. “We needed to do something to honor his memory,” she said. “Don Estes at the cemetery helped us get a better stone than we might have been able to get.”


Some facts about the life of the talented architect are clear — that he married Ann Greenleaf in Natchez; that they had four children; and that he died in 1819, when he was only 43. No one knows where he is buried.

His life before Natchez began in Greenwich, Mass., where he was born in 1776.

“Levi Weeks had an older brother who was a successful building contractor in New York,” Bill McGehee said. The younger Weeks moved in 1798 from the family’s home in Massachusetts to New York City to work there with his brother, Ezra Weeks.

“He began studying architecture with his brother. And in 1799 he was engaged to marry a young lady,” McGehee said.

With the mysterious murder of Gulielma “Elma” Sands, his betrothed, in late December 1799, Weeks became the prime suspect, was indicted and stood trial for the murder early in 1800.

Many ironic twists add to the drama of this real-life story, McGehee said. One is that, in addition to the prominent attorney Brokholst Livingston, Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton together represented Weeks. Only four years later, in 1804, the famous Burr-Hamilton duel took place, resulting in Hamilton’s death and bringing disgrace to Burr.

The Manhattan well in which the young woman’s body was found was built by the Manhattan Company, owned by Burr.

And in the book “The Trial of Levi Weeks or the Manhattan Well Mystery,” author Estelle Fox Kleiger writes:

“Since New York society was so small and tight-knit, it is not surprising to note that Ezra Weeks had also had business dealings with Aaron Burr; he had supplied wood for pipes for the Manhattan Company water system, which owned, coincidentally, the Well in Lispenard Meadows in which Elma’s body had been found.”

Also notable about the Weeks trial is that it was the first case ever to be recorded by a court reporter.

Furthermore, Burr and Weeks both became associated with the Natchez area in the years to come.

“Levi Weeks was found innocent of the murder charges,” McGehee said. “But it was sort of like the O.J. Simpson trial. Public opinion didn’t agree with the verdict.”

To escape the hostility in New York, Weeks began to look for work in other places in 1805, making stops in Ohio and Kentucky before settling in Natchez.

Burr, in 1805, after leaving Washington, D.C., began plans for a military expedition into the West that would lead to charges of treason. At Natchez, early in 1807, a grand jury refused to indict him.

“He hired a lawyer named Lyman Harding,” McGehee said. “Burr was brought before the grand jury, which basically ridiculed the charges and refused to convict him.”

Burr left Natchez in secret but was found and arrested in what is now the state of Alabama. He was tried in Richmond, Va., of the treason charges and found not guilty.

The stories are unending, McGehee said. “It’s like you walk into a room, and there’s a door at the end of it. You open that door and then another and you just keep on going.”

His research into Harding’s life revealed that the lawyer was a graduate of Harvard who did not do well when he started his practice in Louisville, Ky., McGehee said.

“He took a job as a deckhand on a keelboat and wound up in Natchez almost penniless when he arrived in 1798,” he said.

The Mississippi Territory was a new U.S. territory. Many documents awaited proper scribes. “Lyman Harding had a beautiful handwriting and began drafting documents. He also started his law practice. Within six months he was attorney general of the territory,” McGehee said. “He had a knack for making money. By 1805, he had accumulated $10,000, which he invested in baled cotton and sold in New York for a huge profit.”

The stories go on and on. McGehee is compiling his research into a small book on the history of Auburn and the people associated with it. He hopes to have it available for sale by March, he said.









    Two founding fathers face off

New Hampshire Theatre Project will present "The Duel" from Jan. 13 to Jan. 22. This original play, written by James Patrick Kelly and directed by Blair Hundertmark, is about the infamous duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr with live music and soundscape composed by Jose Duque.

In 1804, two of the Founding Fathers met on the field of honor. One was the sitting vice president of the United States. The other was the leader of the opposition party. Both men aspired to the presidency.

If you can imagine what would have happened if Al Gore and George W. Bush had settled their differences with gunplay, you can get a sense of how this duel rocked the new nation to its foundations. But there was more at stake than just personal animosity between two great leaders.

Here’s history that they never taught in school: The larger issue Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr fought over was whether the New England states would secede from the Union. In "The Duel," everything you think you know about the birth of our nation is called into question. And the outcome of the most famous duel in history may not be what you think.

Audience members are asked not to reveal the surprise ending to this taut political thriller.

The regionally selected cast includes Steve Bornstein as Aaron Burr and Kevin Collins as Alexander Hamilton, with Joseph Chase, Tom Olson, Lisa Richardson, and Kathy Somssich.

Tickets are $20 general admission and $15 for seniors and students. For reservations, call 431-6644 x 5 or e-mail infor@nhtheatreproject.org.



Demystifying a spin on N.J. history


Emanuel Gottleib Leutze created this iconic painting of Gen. George Washington crossing the Delaware River in Dusseldorf, Germany, around 1851. It hangs in New York City's Metropolitan Museum of Art.


Painting of Washington on the Delaware is largely inaccurate

Posted by the Asbury Park Press on 12/25/05


The annual Christmas Day re-enactment of Gen. George Washington crossing the Delaware River at Hopewell Township has endured a touch of conflict, but not nearly as much as the famous painting.

The work — an icon of the nation and the "tails" side of quarters marking New Jersey's statehood — may be U.S. history's most recognized piece of art. It is also largely inaccurate.

Yes, the painting hangs in New York City's Metropolitan Museum of Art. No, it is not American, neither painted by a Yank nor created here. The river in the depiction is not believed to be the Delaware. The flag is wrong. Washington's boat is not genuine. And the timing is goofy.

Washington and his rag-tag Continental Army crossed the Delaware in the dark, finishing with a 3 a.m. muster on the New Jersey side, followed by a march south for the Battle of Trenton, the first major victory of the American Revolution. Yet the 12-by-21-foot painting by Emanuel Gottleib Leutze has the sun shining through roiled clouds.

Picky-picky, said Carrie Barratt. Barratt is curator of American paintings and sculpture at the Metropolitan Museum.

"As historians, we like artistic license, and we understand the greater international aspect of that painting," she said, adding, "It's so easy to nit-pick."

Later, she said: "I admit that there are plenty of inaccuracies in that picture. The picture was made a good 75 years after the battle was fought."

"It was a time in American history, and world history," Barratt said, "when George Washington was starting to be mythologized. It wasn't just a recording of an event. It was a painting. If you want, you can think of it as theater. It was never meant to be a re-enactment."

The year 1776 had been tough on the rebels. Routed at the Battle of the Brandywine and during engagements in New York state and New Jersey, Washington looked weak.

The British commander, Sir William Howe, deemed the Colonials not fit for battle and settled down to winter in New York. But Washington surprised German mercenaries, called Hessians, at Trenton. In sports parlance, Washington and his men showed they were gamers.

Leutze created the painting in Dusseldorf, Germany, around 1851.

Two presidents-to-be crossed with Washington, James Madison and James Monroe, who is believed to be holding the flag in the painting. History, though, says nothing about Monroe actually being aboard Washington's boat. And the flag that he gripped, with stars in a circle, did not fly until some eight months after the crossing.

John Marshall made the crossing. He would become a chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Rivals Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton also made the trip.

Historians believe the black man in Washington's boat depicts a fellow named Prince Whipple. But historians agree Whipple was in Baltimore the night of the crossing.



Even better, I thought, was the short film with Chris Parnell and Andy Samberg rapping about their trip to get snacks and see "The Chronicles of Narnia" on a lazy Sunday afternoon. It was a terrific rap parody and a terrific rap song in its own right, one that's been lodged in my head ever since I watched it. (Best line: "You can call us Aaron Burr/from the way we're dropping Hamiltons!") Quite possibly the funniest thing I've seen on "SNL" in years. (You can see it online at NBC's Web site, www.nbc.com.)

(Not really that funny)




Roberts champions founding women

Journalist speaks today at USC commencement

Staff Writer

Posted on Mon, Dec. 12, 2005

Cokie Roberts becomes positively agitated when talking about South Carolina’s women of the Revolutionary War. Heroines, she says, have been slighted by the traditional telling of the period’s history.

“They were so brave, and so smart. They were incredible. We owe it to them” to tell their story, the ABC News political analyst said Friday as she prepared to deliver the winter commencement address today at the University of South Carolina.

Women such as Eliza Lucas Pinckney and Rebecca Motte epitomized the sacrifices of their generation of American women in service of a cause that was bigger than themselves, Roberts said.

She’ll use such examples to urge public service and self-sacrifice to the 1,388 new USC graduates in ceremonies at 3:30 p.m. at the Colonial Center.

Roberts set out in her book, “Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation,” to correct what she sees as a historical omission. She did some of the research during 28 years of summer vacations at Pawleys Island on the S.C. coast, developing an affection for the Palmetto State that borders on her love for her own hometown of New Orleans.


And she tells the stories she has uncovered with great glee, such as the sacrifice by Rebecca Motte of her home to root out a British garrison:

“The British had taken Fort Motte, which was Rebecca Motte’s house,” Roberts said. “Her husband was dead. Her son-in-law, Thomas Pinckney, was in prison. Generals Lee and Marion come to her and said, ‘We’re very sorry, Mrs. Motte, since you are such a patriot, but we have to burn down your house and get the British out.’

“She said, ‘No problem, I have this great weapon that you can use.’ ”Roberts is writing a sequel to “Founding Mothers,” which will feature, among others, Theodosia Burr, daughter of Vice President Aaron Burr and wife of South Carolina Gov. Joseph Alston.

Another of Roberts’ heroines is Eliza Lucas Pinckney, mother of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Thomas Pinckney, two prominent leaders in the Revolution. Eliza Pinckney, at the end of her life, went to Philadelphia to be treated for breast cancer. Her daughter, Harriet Horry, kept a journal about all the people who came to visit her mother.



Posted on Fri, Dec. 02, 2005  Charlotte.com


Nights of a
Thousand Candles

See Brookgreen Gardens in a whole new light this season


On weekends leading up to Christmas, Brookgreen Gardens on the S.C. coast turns into an adventure for the senses.

Thousands of tiny lights shine amid the Spanish moss covering the 250- to 300-year-old live oaks on the former plantation site. Thousands of luminarias light the paths through the sculpture gardens and float in the sculpture pools, tugged gently by the wind.

It's Brookgreen's annual Nights of a Thousand Candles, when visitors stroll throughout the gardens to discover food, sculpture and entertainment at the end of candle-lit paths and in a heated entertainment tent. Remaining evenings this year are Friday, Saturday and Dec. 16-17.

Brookgreen, on U.S. 17 between Murrells Inlet and Pawleys Island, was once the plantation of Aaron Burr's daughter Theodosia and her husband, Joseph Alston. The gardens were established on the old plantation site in 1931 by Archer Huntington and his wife, sculptress Anna Hyatt Huntington. Her large, realistic works are still a major part of Brookgreen's collection of more than 900 sculptures.....



I found a script online on Aaron Burr.  Haven't read it all yet, but it seems interesting.




Theatre Hopkins production to be staged at Gilman School

Theatre Hopkins' 84th season continues with The Mistress of Riversdale at 2 p.m., Sunday, Dec. 4, at Centennial Hall on the campus of the Gilman School, 5407 Roland Ave.

Cherie Weinert performs this one-woman dramatization of the life of Rosalie Stier Calvert, a wealthy Belgian and wife of George Calvert, at their plantation near Washington, D.C., during the first two decades of the 19th century. Suzanne Pratt, director of Theatre Hopkins, wrote the script, which she adapted from Rosalie Calvert's original letters. They were published by Margaret Law Callcott in the book Mistress of Riversdale: The Plantation Letters of Rosalie Stier Calvert, 1795-1821.

The text is drawn from letters that Calvert, the mother of nine, sent to her family in Antwerp over her 20 years at Riversdale. The correspondence includes her ardent views on Presidents Washington, Jefferson and Monroe as well as Napoleon and Col. Aaron Burr.

Flutist Kateri Chambers, a senior at Johns Hopkins, will introduce the play with a recital of music of the period. Tickets are $10 and may be reserved by calling Theatre Hopkins at 410-516-7159 or e-mailing thehop@jhu.edu.


See critique below:

The Most Successful Spy in American History: Author Uncovers the Secret Truth About Aaron Burr

Dr. Alan J. Clark has been decoding the mysteries of history for years. Through an exhaustive study of Aaron Burr’s coded letters written during the time of the American Revolution, the historian has uncovered evidence that may clarify our understanding of US history, while it simultaneously reveals some fascinating and startling facts about our political origins.

(PRWEB) November 27, 2005 -- Early American history is considered linear, simple and straightforward, but upon closer scrutiny we find all sorts of bewildering and unexplained riddles.

Dr. Alan J. Clark – who, like Gore Vidal, the author of Burr: A Novel, and Dan Brown, the author of The DaVinci Code, attended The Phillips Exeter Academy – has been decoding the mysteries of history for years. Through an exhaustive study of Aaron Burr’s coded letters written during the time of the American Revolution, the historian (who was also in George W. Bush’s class at Yale) has uncovered evidence that may clarify our understanding of US history, while it simultaneously reveals some fascinating and startling facts about our political origins.

Dr. Clark’s findings are explained in his new book Cipher Code of Dishonor: Aaron Burr, an American Enigma (Author House, 2005). By using evidence gleaned from genealogical records, archival documents and letters, and publicly recorded deeds to property, Clark scrutinizes the relationship between Aaron Burr and the British Crown. Burr was a Colonel in George Washington’s army and later served as the Vice President of the United States under Thomas Jefferson. Dr. Clark’s book reveals that Burr was also the greatest spy and traitor in American history.

Clark studied battlefield accounts from the Revolutionary War and found compelling evidence that Burr sold wartime military secrets to the British and arranged for Washington’s armies to be ambushed, almost costing us the war. History books tell us that Benedict Arnold was a traitor and a spy. But according to Dr. Clark he did not act alone, and actually worked in concert with a British espionage ring organized by Aaron Burr.

Clark’s research also indicates that Burr – who killed New York assemblyman and representative to the U.S. Constitutional Committee Alexander Hamilton, the former Secretary of the Treasury and an author of the Federalist Papers, during a pistol duel – planned the duel as a way to legally assassinate Hamilton, who had never trusted Burr, always suspecting that he was a turncoat.

But Dr. Clark does not limit his fact-finding to early American history. He further reveals a political and financial connection between the British Crown and wealthy New York City landowners, and offers insight into why Great Britain is now the staunchest supporter of the US War on Terror. A 99-year lease for the World Trade Center was signed a few months before the 9/11 attacks, and Clark’s book ties that $3.2 billion real estate contract directly to the present day income of the Royal family of England.

By uncovering the truth of our nation’s history, Dr. Clark helps us to preserve its legacy for future generations. He has learned secrets from the American past that are 250 years old, and his discoveries may be more relevant today than ever before. After all, the keys of the past have the potential to unlock our future, even if a few skeletons are found in closets along the way.

For a review copy of the book or to set up an interview with Dr. Alan J. Clark for a story, please contact Jay Wilke at 727-443-7115, ext. 223.
# # #


Clark criticisms:

This book is nonsense.  It is funny in many places, but it is sad to know that Alan Clark twists unverifiable facts to paint an inaccurate picture of Burr for some sensational reason.  We could go on and on tearing it apart, but start with this page by page if you have purchased one of the used copies available.

Bibliography does not include the Burr experts Lomask, Parton, Kline, Knapp, Cote, Lindsay, Sam Burr, Wills, etc.  Kennedy is ignored, and all the pro Hamilton authors are believed.

Prologue:  A 19 year old teenager did not arrange for the death of General Montgomery in Quebec to make himself look good. Surviving the starvation march through Maine is ignored.  Arnold and Burr's group got to Quebec from Newburyport before any British intelligence who supposedly converted him to the dark side there.
He did not then get kicked off Washington's staff for immediately going through GW's personal belongings.  Would a real spy do that? Read the anecdotal letter that only mentions correspondence on GW's desk, not other personal hidden documents.
pg 18 1776 was not the beginning of competition with Hamilton. It started in '91 as below.  AH must have been grateful AB led him north in Manhattan.  Would British have let all those soldiers go just to make AB look good after AB had quit GW's staff?
21  John Church is not identified as AH's brother in law here. JC bought the pistols with secret hair triggers in London in 1796 and tried to kill Burr with them in 1799.  JC AH and Phil Schuyler family hated Burr after Hamilton ruined Senate bid for PS in '91. See Lomask page 139. JC was also there when Monroe was taunted to duel with Hamilton. JM was wise to listen to friend AB say Hamilton only bluffs.  Neither knew about the new secret weapons.
22. Smithsonian says AH did set his secret hair trigger.  But this is only science, not Clark extrapolation.
22. Angelina Church was never the object of aspiration by Burr until Clark now says so.
23. Some say Burr had an incestuous relationship with his daughter?  Only fiction writer Gore Vidal said AH said it to sell his fiction.  This is not a legitimate reference book. 
24  Clark now says Maria Reynolds was Burr's lover when Hamilton admitted affair while wife Betsy was in Saratoga with the 5 kids. Hamilton saved nothing by admitting it. He was ruined after his patron GW died.
26.  Burr sent Reynolds to entrap AH?  Then why did AH pay off husband James? What did Burr care about AH back then?  AH was never elected to anything, and was ineffective against AB, until Jefferson betrayed Burr in 1800.
51. Great Britain killed Theo! (No way)
57  No mention of Jefferson's postmaster general opening everyone's mail, making cipher necessary.  (This book largely ignores Jefferson.)
61.  Clark admits Burr supported women's education but attacks his character on all else. He ignores Burr educating Peggy his black servant, and does Clark imply that Peggy the servant is Peggy Arnold who Burr corresponds with?
63.  Clark's thesis: "In the world of cipher, the opposite is often meant from the text as written." Amen. And who determines this today?
64. From South Carolina, with baby in her life, daughter Theodosia told her father to kill Hamilton. It gets even more bizarre than this!
72 Burr never mentioned his first wife?  All letters to Theo were lost at sea, (I'll verify quote "Your mother was the finest woman I ever knew.")
73.  Clark tells us for the first time that Burr was gay.  This started with Hamilton's letters to John Laurens and should stop.
73  Son in law Joseph was governor of South Carolina and a spy for Britain. Preposterous.
89.  Monmouth Courthouse battle:  Burr attacked and only lost 2/3 of his men after GW told him to stop and come back.
100 Hermitage in 1779 was a small building. Rosencrantz built additions. No way -did Aaron Burr keep a Hessian Captain's corpse in a secret room on the second floor.
108 Burr as a French speaking friar was not recruited to help kill his comrades who just trekked across Maine and his commander who made him a captain.
113 More accurate history?  Future President Monroe "hung out with Burr's gang at the Hermitage" and was thus a spy like them.
116.  Col. Morgan wrote that letter about Burr's expedition after Burr left because Burr convinced Morgan's sons to travel west with him.  Any father would feel badly.
118. No mention that Jefferson thought war with Spain was a certainty.  No mention about settling land after a military victory (showing Burr's forward thinking.)
120. No mention of Burr as VP presiding over the impeachment trial of Judge Chase.  TJ gave favors finally because he needed Burr to help the executive branch take over the judicial branch, but Burr wouldn't do it.  Burr hated TJ's plantation owning constituents. Burr's meeting with TJ requesting a place in the gov. was after this trial, so History Channel has it right.
121.  TJ never fought in Rev War but acted as a coward, so he opposed Burr writing a history of it and doing the required research.
122. Clark faults Burr for enforcing the "strict interpretation of the law" against ex-sheriffs in NY.
129 "AB may have played a hand in death of his daughter." who he hadn't seen for years so that his letters to her could be destroyed?  It's all so unbelievable to see this in print.  If these letters existed, Burr would be more of a hero than he is.
160 Descendents who staged the reenactment (do not) "have a clue as to the reasons for the duel and why Britain supports War on Terror" Thanks for the insult Alan. Keep up your message of unfounded hate.
What was the point of all that Trinity Church deed nonsense?  Enough for now.




Tribune-Review  Pittsburgh

Holiday season ushers in historical house tour


By Zachary Huszar
Friday, November 25, 2005


December marks a time of many holiday traditions, including family celebrations and frenetic shopping trips through tightly packed malls. It also welcomes one of the community's most appreciated jaunts through local history and heritage in the form of the Norwin Historical Society House Tour.

This year's tour will be held Dec. 3 and marks the 10th year the society has been helping to open up storied homes so all have a chance to gain annual historical insight.

Among the homes on the tour is the Larimer/McFarlane House, which boasts considerable historical significance.

The home was built by a Scot of French ancestry named William Larimer Sr. in 1790, a local resident of prominence who fathered 12 children. One of his sons, William Larimer Jr., went on to become a Civil War general was an avid abolitionist. As such, it is speculated that the Larimer/McFarlane house may have been a stop on the underground railroad.





The log home was modernized in 1870 by Andrew Lewis McFarlane Sr., and stayed in family hands until the Depression of the 1930s. Among the guests to visit the house were President William Henry Harrison and Vice President Aaron Burr.

Another early 1900s home on the tour is Penglyn's Smeltzer house. ...


Little John’s Auction Service, Anaheim, California  11/9/05

Antique Arms Hit Target for $4 Million at Little John’s Auction

by Robert Kyle

The 1250 lots of collectible firearms and related items needed three catalogs for the June 26 and 27 Little John’s auction. The result was only 40 passed lots for an impressive 96% sold ratio and a total of nearly $4 million, which includes the 12% buyers’ premiums. American arms with Old West, Civil War, or other notable connections continue to rack up robust results.

A meeting room in the Phoenix Club in Anaheim, California, was packed with 500 bidders. Another 600 had either left bids or were on the phones. The majority of foreign interest came from the U.K. and Australia.

"Henry rifles are hot, as are Colt single actions [revolvers]," said company president John Gangel.

The Henry, a precursor of the Winchester repeating rifle, was manufactured from 1860 to 1866 in a quantity of about 14,000. They were made for the civilian and the military markets. The latter brings a premium.

A Model 1860 Henry rifle without military inspector’s marks was nevertheless considered a Civil War veteran based on serial number research and an "A" etched on a side plate, for Company A. It sold for $26,880 (est. $17,500/27,500). Another Henry, military-proofed and belonging to General John Howard Stibbs of Iowa, sold for $50,400 (est. $45,000/65,000).

"Historic arms are very good, and the market is strong across the board. I’m not surprised at the high quality and rare arms bringing strong money, but I am surprised at average items bringing very high prices," said Gangel.

Gangel saw two lots sell in the six figures. The top lot of the sale at $123,200 was a Model 1873 Colt revolver with a 12" barrel, a configuration created by author and Wild West show promoter Ned Buntline (a.k.a. Edward Judson, 1823-1886). His enduring legacy was adding extra-long barrels on Colt revolvers. Known as "Buntline Specials," they are still being produced. Originals made in his lifetime command top dollar.

Another example, with a 16" octagon barrel, sold for $36,400 (est. $25,000/75,000). Made circa 1877, it has the name "Jack Childress" etched on the side of the barrel.

The second-most expensive lot in the auction was a pair of new (1981) Colt revolvers in a presentation case with a custom holster marked "President Ronald Reagan" on the back. Given a broad estimate of $100,000/$200,000, they sold for $112,000. The rig had been a gift to Reagan by Hollywood quick-draw expert Arvo Ojala. The president appreciated the six-shooters and sent Ojala a letter on White House stationery, included in the sale. Reagan also sent the guns right back to him. Ojala sold them at auction the following year. Despite their brief tenure at the White House, they are known as Reagan’s guns.

Generally, 19th-century American guns sent south of the border show considerable wear and use. Not so with a Winchester Model 1866, gold plated and engraved. Shipped from the factory in 1877, it was found in South America in 1990, still in an excellent state of preservation. Estimated at $35,000/55,000, it sold for $42,000. Must’ve been owned by someone special.

Also selling for $42,000 (est. $35,000/70,000) was a "royal quality" flintlock double-barrel shotgun, or fowling piece, made by Boutet of Versailles. Its metal and wood were highly decorated.

Yet another $42,000 lot (est. $15,000/30,000) was a rare circa 1880 Hotchkiss five-shot revolving cannon, the type used by the U.S. Army against Native Americans. It shot 37 mm projectiles at 43 rounds per minute out to a distance of one mile.

A Model 1886 deluxe, special-order Winchester rifle made in 1888 in about 98% original condition sold for $35,840 (est. $30,000/40,000).

Bearing serial number 4, a Colt single-action Army revolver with a "pinch frame" and in .44 S&W caliber, fully restored, sold for $33,600 (est. $20,000/50,000).

The star of the auction was expected to be a lot of two London-made flintlock pistols belonging to statesman Alexander Hamilton. They were estimated at $550,000/850,000, but bidding stopped at $400,000 by a gallery that freely bought what it liked. "The reserve was too high, as was the estimate," John Gangel said later. "We never have a reserve higher than our low estimate." Collectors had determined they were worth where bidding had stopped. At that figure, adding the buyer’s premium would bring them to $448,000.

Hamilton, the nation’s first Secretary of State, was killed in a duel by Aaron Burr in July 1804. He did not use one of the pistols at this auction. Perhaps he should have. Instead, he had borrowed his brother-in-law’s and was not as familiar with it. The lesson here is never borrow your brother-in-law’s dueling pistol or his lawn mower.

Another disappointment was no buyer for an elaborately decorated 1860 fowling piece made by LePage of France as a gift from the French government in 1870 to Mexican president Manuel Gonzales. The catalog devoted four full pages to it, showing detailed close-ups of ornate workmanship. For 50 years it had been the centerpiece at Harold’s Club Firearms Museum in Reno, Nevada. The hefty estimate was $175,000/350,000.

Is a Second World War belt buckle worth $14,560? Yes, when it’s a German experimental model, which is actually a four-shot, .32-caliber gun. From the collection of Dr. Jack Strassman of Altoona, Pennsylvania, it was estimated at $10,000/20,000.

A circa 1780 Kentucky rifle, in original flintlock, no brass patchbox, in .48-caliber smoothbore, maker unknown, sold for $14,560 (est. $15,000/30,000).

A Sharps carbine identified to Co. E, 8th Cavalry, which saw action in the Indian Wars in the Northwest, sold for $10,080 (est. $8000/12,000). A circa 1876 Model 1874 Sharps buffalo rifle, assembled from two different guns, in .50 caliber, brought $4760 (est. $4500/6000).

Large, high-end gun auctions such as this one often sell more than firearms. This sale had 15th-century armor, 20th-century artwork, 19th-century bowie knives, and more.

Demand continues to grow for variations of the legendary bowie. Some 19th-century examples sold were a lock-blade folding knife marked "Tillotson," $5040 (est. $4500/6500); a fixed-blade exhibition grade bowie by Henry Booth, Sheffield, England, $44,800 (est. $35,000/70,000); a clip-point example by Alfred Hunter, $16,800 (est. $17,500/25,000); and another clip-point, blade etched "A Sure Defence," by William Jackson & Co., Sheaf Island Works, Sheffield, $10,080 (est. $6000/12,000).

This company is currently in the midst of selling 8000 guns in a series of five auctions extending into January 2006. For more information, call (714) 939-1170; Web site




A must-read for lovers of American history





Make a post about this story on FredTalk. Get a printer-friendly version of this page. E-mail this story to a friend.

A biography of Andrew Jackson, defining his role in American history.


Date published: 11/6/2005



"Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times" by H.W. Brands is an entertaining and thorough biography and a must-read for any American history enthusiast. Whether you like Jackson or not, and there is much about him that is unlikable, his place in American history is significant and worth reading about. He lived in an exciting and uncertain period when the American democratic experiment was young and its survivability often uncertain. The people of his time are names that loom large in our history, including David Crockett, Sam Houston, Gen. Winfield Scott, Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, James Madison, James Monroe, Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, John Calhoun, Daniel Webster and Aaron Burr. ....

(No news published while I was at ABA meeting and then two weeks in Europe)

New and improved $10 bill is unveiled

Scripps Howard News Service
September 28, 2005

WASHINGTON - The $10 bill is flush with new color as orange, yellow and red join the 10-spot's traditional green. .....

At 34, Hamilton became President Washington's first treasury secretary, a role in which he set the stage for U.S. commercial might by creating the nation's first tax system, first budget system, first Customs Service, first Coast Guard and first central bank.

Hamilton died in an 1804 duel with former Vice President Aaron Burr, whom he helped defeat for New York governor that year and for president in 1800 by throwing his support to Thomas Jefferson.

Hamilton biographer Ron Chernow, who found himself dragged into the debate over Hamilton's place on the money, said he wasn't against Reagan but for Hamilton, calling him "the prophet of the capitalist system" Reagan admired.

The new $10 bills, with Hamilton's portrait enlarged and freed from the traditional oval, should show up early next year, with the $100 note next to be redesigned in 2007.

Thomas Ferguson, head of Treasury's Bureau of Engraving


New Challenge at the Fleisher
Philadelphia Inquirer - Philadelphia,PA,USA
... historical fact and fiction. One watercolor, for instance, refers to the famous duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr in 1804. ...

Fast Facts

Arizona Daily Wildcat
Wednesday, September 21, 2005
  • On average, humans lose one neocortical neuron each second, or about 85,000 each day. That's 31 million brain cells each year.


  • In 1840, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow became the first American to have plumbing installed in his home.


  • A frog has to close its eyes in order to swallow. ...
  • The Circus Maximus in Rome, after its rebuilding by Julius Caesar, could hold 150,000 people. It was enlarged again in the early empire to fit an additional 100,000.


  • A former U.S. vice president, Aaron Burr, was charged with treason for trying to separate the western lands from the United States and establish his own rule in the early 1800s. He was acquitted, but his image remained tarnished. He is also the man who shot and killed Alexander Hamilton.


  • The stegosaur was a dinosaur with a head so small that the nerve knot in the middle of the back was larger than its brain.


  • The African eagle, swooping at more than 100 mph, can brake to a halt in 20 feet.
  • Proposed letter to editor:
    The "Fast Facts" article mentioned Aaron Burr. Burr was a brilliant man who graduated college at 16 and was a colonel in the revolutionary war at 21. Burr opposed slavery against Jefferson who gained power for the plantation owners he represented. The old Virginians wanted slavery out west. Jefferson tried to have Burr hung for treason, but Burr defended himself to a Not Guilty verdict. See www.aaronburrassociation.org


    Text of John Roberts hearing - 13

    Associated Press 9/13/05


    The text of the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on John Roberts' nomination to the Supreme Court, part 13.


    FEINGOLD: Did you recognize at that moment that this might become a time when it would be harder to protect civil liberties?

    ROBERTS: I think -- I don't recall recognizing that in particular, but that is, of course, always the challenge in times of war and in times of stress. Whatever the cause, I think it is the obligation of the courts to remember, just as within the model of the D.C. Circuit from our earliest case of the treason trial of Aaron Burr, to calmly poise the scales of justice.

    And the emphasis is on calmly. It requires a certain dispassion, a certain separation from the passions of the moment.

    FEINGOLD: That's absolutely right. And that's why I want to follow on what Senator Leahy asked about earlier, a different time, a different challenge.


    Christianity Today, September 2005

    The Holy and the Ivy by Collin Hansen | posted 09/01/20005 09:45 a.m.
    Intellectual skepticism persists in the Ivy League. Thankfully, so does a vibrant Christian faith.....

    This secular trend goes back a long way, as the Ivy League cleared a path toward the new American nation's prosperous, pluralistic future. Among the founding fathers, Princeton alum James Madison helped frame the Bill of Rights. American independence had no bolder advocate than Harvard grad John Adams. Aaron Burr didn't take to theology at Princeton the way his grandfather Jonathan Edwards had at Yale. But he distinguished himself as a Revolutionary War officer and vice president to Thomas Jefferson....

    Today's highlight in history:
    Myrtle Beach Sun News - Myrtle Beach,SC,USA
    In 1939, World War II began as Nazi Germany invaded Poland. In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr was found not guilty of treason. ...

    On this date in history::-
    Webindia123 - India
    In 1807, Aaron Burr, vice president of the United States under Thomas Jefferson, was acquitted of treason charges growing out of an alleged plot to set up an ...

    On this day
    News24 - South Africa
    ... Spanish. 1807 - Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is found innocent of treason. 1879 - Britain signs peace treaty with Zulus in SA. ...

    thursDay September 1, 2005
    Peoria Journal Star - Peoria,IL,USA
    ... free. Compiled by Tabitha L. Vester of the Journal Star. In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr was found innocent of treason. In ...



    On this date in history::-
    | September 01, 2005 12:11:50 PM IST | September 01, 2005 12:13:03 PM IST

    In 1807, Aaron Burr, vice president of the United States under Thomas Jefferson, was acquitted of treason charges growing out of an alleged plot to set up an independent empire in the nation's south and west.

    In 1914, the last known passenger pigeon died at the Cincinnati Zoo.

    In 1923, an earthquake struck Yokohama, Japan, killing an estimated 143,000 people.

    In 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Great Britain and France served an ultimatum on Adolf Hitler, but it was ignored.

    In 1983, a Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 strayed into Soviet air space and was shot down by a Soviet jet fighter. All 269 people aboard died.

    In 1985, scientists found the wreck of the British luxury liner Titanic, sunk by an iceberg in 1912, in the Atlantic Ocean south of Newfoundland.

    In 1990, three planes left Iraq with about 500 Western and Japanese women and children in the first airlift, four days after Saddam Hussein's pledge to begin releasing some of his so-called guests.

    In 1991, President Bush established diplomatic relations with Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.

    In 1992, the insurance industry estimated that insured damage from Hurricane Andrew would reach $7.3 billion, making it the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history.

    In 1993, Bosnian Muslims refused to accept a draft of an U.N. peace agreement unless the Serbs and Croats ceded them more land.

    In 1995, a peace agreement worked out among Liberia's warring militias moved forward with the swearing in of an interim ruling council.

    In 1996, the U.N. suspended the permission it gave Iraq to sell oil again after Iraq took over the unofficial Kurdish capital city in violation of the cease-fire terms of the Gulf War.

    In 1998, President Clinton held two days of talks with Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow but the deadlock over the START II treaty remained unresolved.

    In 1999, Attorney General Janet Reno ordered a new investigation into the events of April 19,1993, that ended the siege at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas. About 80 cultists died in a compound fire.

    In 2003, Libya agreed to compensate relatives of the 170 people killed in the 1989 bombing of a French airliner over the Sahara.

    In 2004, Republicans opened their national convention in New York to officially choose George W. Bush and Dick Cheney for re-election.

    Also in 2004, a heavily armed band of 31 Chechen terrorists seized a school in Belstan in southern Russia, taking hundreds of hostages.

    And, sexual assault charges against pro basketball star Kobe Bryant were dropped at the request of the prosecution after the alleged victim refused to testify.


    01sep05 http://www.theadvertiser.news.com

    On this day

    891 – Arnulf defeats the Vikings from Scandinavia at the battle of Louvain in Belgium.
    1159 – Death of Pope Adrian IV. He was originally Nicholas Breakspear and was the only Englishman to be chosen as Pope. He was elected Pope in 1154.
    1494 – France's King Charles VIII invades Italy to claim throne of Naples.
    1531 – War breaks out in Switzerland between Zurich and Catholic forest cantons.
    1542 – Holy Roman Empire's campaign against the Turks in Hungary fails.
    1674 – William of Orange takes Grave, Belgium, but is unable to invade France.
    1706 – British successfully defend Charleston, South Carolina, against French and Spanish.
    1715 – Death of King Louis XIV of France. He is succeeded by his five-year-old great grandson Louis XV.
    1807 – Former US Vice-President Aaron Burr is found innocent of treason.
    1824 – Advance party to establish penal settlement at Moreton Bay, Queensland, selects temporary site at Redcliffe.
    1858 – The East India Company's government of India ends with the British Crown taking over its territories and duties.
    1864 – Charlottetown Conference begins on Prince Edward Island, representing the first steps toward Canadian confederation.
    1870 – In the Franco-Prussian War the French under Napoleon III are heavily defeated by the Prussians under Moltke at the battle of Sedan.
    1873 – South Australian government introduces eight-hour working day.
    1879 – Britain signs peace treaty with Zulus in South Africa.

    Dear ABA members,
    Here is another website that members of the ABA might be interested in (if they don't know about it already). It is associated with Valley Forge Park. Tom Fleming (the author) told Ralph and me about it last year. He is one of the scholars working on this undertaking. He said he thought the ABA should make a contribution to it. I don't know how long it's going to take to get the funding, but at least it's been started. Someone said that's it's the only important American war that doesn't have a museum devoted to it.

    Please pass on this information to anyone I've missed.
    Aleta Duey
    Click here: Welcome to the American Revolution Center




    I just came across a website.

     It might be helpful to someone if you haven't already found it.

    It is:  WWW.REVWAR.COM  and can get you into websites for re-enactors.

    Aleta Duey 8/30/05



    Published Aug. 27, 2005 7:30 am  
    History Buff
    Physician writes book on Burr, Hamilton

    Dr. Alan Clark signs one of his books for a co-worker, Kittie Morena, in the Marion Oaks Optical Shop.
    Dr. Alan Clark, a practicing ophthalmologist at Marion Oaks Optical, uses his eyes for something besides examining the retina and other eye parts. Clark is a long-time history buff. He became involved in Civil War reenactments. He participated in performances all over the Southeastern United States. "I also did reenactments for movies," Clark said. "We were on sets for 'Glory', the 'Alamo', and 'Rambo 3'."

    Clark developed an interest in genealogy, and a friend of his mother-in-law got him interested in writing. He started piecing together his own family histories. "Half were Loyalists," he said, "and I traced their ancestry back to the Revolution. Many pre-revolution documents were destroyed." Clark explained that when a family member took another direction, they were disowned.

    His research led him to write a book entitled "Cipher/Code of Dishonor," a history of the relationship of Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton. This is the first work to draw on unreported documents and genealogical information, and an unprecedented look into relationships between Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, and the Trinity Church Corporation and Loyalists of Manhattan Island. Clark delves deeply into the actions of Burr and Alexander. He examined thousands of documents, including Burr's memoirs, letters (in code), historic documents and property deeds.

    Clark visited sites connected to Burr in Connecticut. Clark proposes that letters Burr wrote, published after his death, infer that they would reveal, in code, otherwise unknown facts; hence the book's name.

    Burr's cipher, for instance, would be in a letter to his daughter that referred to Le Grec (the Greek) which translated to Alexander the Great, meaning Alexander Hamilton. Clark inserted his own cipher into the book demonstrating how the code worked.

    Clark is a 1968 graduate of Yale University, with classmate, Pres. George W. Bush. He is a board certified ophthalmologist, and an early proponent of antioxidant therapy. He originated surgical techniques to reduce astigmatism in cataract surgery. Clark has published accounts of Loyalist and American ancestors during the American Revolution and War of 1812.

    Clark will be signing copies of his book at Barnes & Noble in Ocala, SR 200 on Sept. 17 from 2-4 p.m.




    Monday, August 15, 2005
    — Time: 5:05:37 PM EST


    Author discusses Aaron Burr legacy



    PARKERSBURG - An author was in town this weekend to set the record straight about Aaron Burr, a man despised by some of the founding fathers, one of whom Burr killed.

    Joseph P. Wheelan, an author and former journalist, signed copies of and spoke about his book "Jefferson's Vendetta: The Pursuit of Aaron Burr and the Judiciary."

    The affair began with a luncheon catered by James Auvil, chef of the Colonnade. Following the luncheon, Wheelan spoke about his book.

    The event was sponsored by the Blennerhassett Historical Foundation.

    Wheelan lives in North Carolina. He was an editor and reporter for the Associated Press and the Casper Star-Tribune in Wyoming. He previously wrote another book about the Jefferson administration entitled "Jefferson's War: America's First War on Terror 1801-1805."

    Burr is a central figure in the story of Blennerhassett Island. The book concentrates on the 1807 treason trial of Burr after his meetings with Harman Blennerhassett on Blennerhassett Island and their discussions about organizing a military expedition to found a new nation in the American West.

    Burr is mostly remembered for three things: killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel, being Thomas Jefferson's vice president and being the highest-ranking government official tried for treason.

    Wheelan said Burr is often remembered as a seedy character, but he was an intelligent man, a war hero and one of the first abolitionists. He did have some flaws, however, in that he chose friends poorly, was too trusting and failed to defend himself against accusations, Wheelan said.

    "He believed people would find out the truth in good time. He was wrong," Wheelan said.

    Politics of the day were "rough and tumble" with libel and slander simply part of the game. A particularly severe slur against Burr uttered by Alexander Hamilton led to the famous duel. Such slurs against him were also commonplace in newspapers of the day, Wheelan said.

    Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park historian Ray Swick said he has read many of the articles - which would be considered libelous today - about Burr.

    "In just about every issue, there was something about him being a despoiler of women. It was like he was the only sexually active man in America," Swick said.

    Aside from dueling Hamilton, Burr never defended himself against the accusations. That, coupled with the fact his papers were later lost at sea, has hampered his legacy, Wheelan said.

    Wheelan described Burr as a very intelligent man who passed the entrance exam for the College of New Jersey, but his application was rejected because he was small for his age. He was admitted to Princeton three years later.

    Burr's grandfather was Jonathan Edwards, who was perhaps America's greatest evangelist and remembered best for his sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." Burr followed in his grandfather's footsteps for a year, but soon found the life of a minister was not for him.

    Wheelan said Burr was a talented officer who served under Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Quebec and George Washington in the battles of New York City, Monmouth Court House and at the Valley Forge winter encampment.

    "He was a great war hero and he was a good officer," Wheelan said.

    Burr conspired with Gen. James Wilkinson and Harman Blennerhassett to invade the West. Wilkinson, however, got cold feet and informed President Jefferson of the plot, claiming he was not involved. Jefferson was furious and put the power of the presidency behind getting Burr convicted.

    "It is interesting that he was the vice president and the president was going after him. Could you imagine Bush going after Dick Cheney?" Wheelan said.

    Yet, Wilkinson's involvement was easily discovered by a thorough investigation. Without its star witness, Burr was acquitted on the treason charge.

    It wasn't until the U.S. captured Spanish documents in Cuba during the Spanish-American War that it was known that Wilkinson was a Spanish spy.

    Burr was never able to act upon the invasion plan and that saved him. Wheelan said the case was a landmark one, in that the Supreme Court established for a person to be found guilty of treason, one had to commit a treasonous act witnessed by at least two people.

    "In 1807 England, a person might hang for wishing the sovereign dead. Here, you had to act on that wish and there must be two witnesses. That was the last word on treason until World War II," Wheelan said.

    Mineral Wells resident Diane Anderson said she found both the book and Wheelan's speech informative.

    "He explained it in layman's terms," she said.

    Copies of Jefferson's Vendetta" are available at the Friends of the Blennerhassett Gift Shop in the museum at Second and Juliana streets in downtown Parkersburg.


    The Free Lance-StarSubscribe to The Free Lance-Star Today!
    Virginia jurist's legacy is far-reaching



    This was a quilted waistcoast worn by John Marshall.




    John Marshall's Richmond home (above and right) is 'the oldest surviving brick house in the city of Richmond.' Visitors to the home at 818 E. Marshall St. can learn about the family life of the chief justice.


    John Marshall, who lived in Richmond, was the first chief justice of the United States.His 250th birthday is being celebrated this year. This portrait is by William James Hubard.



    Virginia lawyer and jurist John Marshall's contributions to our nation's government are myriad, his legacy far-reaching. By Jayne Harding


    Date published: 8/6/2005


    J OHN MARSHALL, first chief justice of the United States, lived in Richmond, where he held the post from 1801 until his death in 1835. His stately Federal-style brick house, located at what is now 818 E. Marshall St., stands today in a green-shaded oasis enclosed by a white picket fence in the midst of modern downtown Richmond. In its time, the Marshall household was a busy one, complete with six children, plus slaves and countless guests.

    In honor of Marshall's 250th birthday, which falls this year,




    In 1804, Marshall was selected to write George Washington's official biography. And in 1808, he presided over Aaron Burr's famous trial for treason against the U.S. government.

    Marshall's long and successful career included numerous high-profile cases and decisions. Many of his legal opinions reflect what we consider to be the basic principles set forth in the U.S. Constitution.



    Note sent to newspaper:

    John Marshall found Aaron Burr Not Guilty in 1807 not 1808.



    The duellist Hamilton won the fight to shape a nation, author finds

    Friday, August 05, 2005
    Reviewed by TOM ROOT

    Special to the Register

    Thomas Carlyle, the 19th-century English historian and essayist of literary flair, wrote that "the history of the world is but the biography of great men." Author Ron Chernow cheerfully complies with this notion in his monumental biography "Alexander Hamilton." Through the medium of this flawed character of genius and colossal ambition, Chernow re-creates an amazing story of the founding of these United States.


    But every hero's tale must have its villain, and in Chernow's mind it is the crafty, Janus-faced Thomas Jefferson. In fact, the author devotes a whole chapter to Jefferson titled "Dr. Pangloss," in reference to the foolish optimist of Voltaire's satirical novel "Candide." Because of the titillating tale of Sally Hemmings, the reader finds Jefferson exploded as a "closet sensualist." Then is Hamilton a "closet monarchist?" But Chernow is right in his assessment that Hamilton was the clear winner in the grand ideological war between robust nationhood and state sovereignty, between the brawny commercial republic propped up by splendid government and the yeoman's rural paradise soon to become a subsidized sideshow to the great industrial drama.

    To the modern mind the most senseless event in Hamilton's charged life was the ending of it in his duel with Burr. But in Hamilton's age, public face and reputation were what men of breeding were willing to risk life and limb for. Chernow sets the epic Hamilton against the evil genius of Burr, who has the unmistakable whiff of the sociopath. For Hamilton, fighting Burr was a win either way -- if he were killed he would be apotheosized, and if he survived with maiming, his public stock would stage a dramatic comeback. On the political scene he would rally and again be "useful" to party and country.

    As the highest of High Federalists, Hamilton projected the bold vision of America's "everlasting glory." Would he be gratified by the outcome of history? Certainly, he was prescient on all counts: We have profuse government, the mysteries of central banking, a Constitution of endless implication, 50 paper states and the mission of world salvation that requires a potent military ever vigilant.

    In "Alexander Hamilton," Ron Chernow presents a remarkable rendition of perhaps the most influential of the Founding Fathers.


    Our Hall of Fame

    Thursday, August 04, 2005    From The Jersey Journal

    New Jersey is headed toward its first roundup of its most illustrious citizens. They will be enshrined in the New Jersey Hall of Fame designated for the Meadowlands Complex in East Rutherford.

    Once acting Gov. Richard Codey signs the legislation he will be under obligation to appoint 13 of the 15-member Hall of Fame Advisory Commission; two will be named by Assembly Speaker Albio Sires of West New York.

    The commission will determine "criteria" for selection of nominees and annual inductions.


    The commission will also review architectural designs and development plans.

    Commission members will be drawn from "visual and performing arts, music, literature, science, education, sports, entertainment, business, religion, government, military and philanthropy."

    There are obvious choices for Hall selection.

    Most likely choices include Gov. and President Woodrow Wilson, inventor Thomas A. Edison, poet Walt Whitman, physicist Albert Einstein, singer-actor Frank Sinatra, actor Jack Nicholson and singer Bruce Springsteen.

    But don't overlook some other figures from history, like Clara Barton, founder of the Red Cross; John P. Holland, inventor of the modern submarine; or the tarnished Aaron Burr, a vice president best remembered for the duel that killed Alexander Hamilton on July 11, 1804, in Weehawken.

    There are also the state's numerous war heroes: Gen. Philip Kearny, killed in the Civil War in 1862; Adm. William F. Halsey of Elizabeth, famed South Pacific commander; and Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, commander in the Gulf War.





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