Aaron Burr in the News

March 2005 to August, 2005

Our Hall of Fame

Thursday, August 04, 2005    From The Jersey Journal

New Jersey is headed toward its first roundup of its most illustrious citizens. They will be enshrined in the New Jersey Hall of Fame designated for the Meadowlands Complex in East Rutherford.

Once acting Gov. Richard Codey signs the legislation he will be under obligation to appoint 13 of the 15-member Hall of Fame Advisory Commission; two will be named by Assembly Speaker Albio Sires of West New York.

The commission will determine "criteria" for selection of nominees and annual inductions.


The commission will also review architectural designs and development plans.

Commission members will be drawn from "visual and performing arts, music, literature, science, education, sports, entertainment, business, religion, government, military and philanthropy."

There are obvious choices for Hall selection.

Most likely choices include Gov. and President Woodrow Wilson, inventor Thomas A. Edison, poet Walt Whitman, physicist Albert Einstein, singer-actor Frank Sinatra, actor Jack Nicholson and singer Bruce Springsteen.

But don't overlook some other figures from history, like Clara Barton, founder of the Red Cross; John P. Holland, inventor of the modern submarine; or the tarnished Aaron Burr, a vice president best remembered for the duel that killed Alexander Hamilton on July 11, 1804, in Weehawken.

There are also the state's numerous war heroes: Gen. Philip Kearny, killed in the Civil War in 1862; Adm. William F. Halsey of Elizabeth, famed South Pacific commander; and Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, commander in the Gulf War.


Bank of New York Overrun by Competition


By Associated Press

July 28, 2005, 2:45 AM EDT


NEW YORK -- Competition among consumer banks is more frenzied in New York than almost anywhere in the United States. Regional banks from around the country have flocked to the city, hoping to snag footholds in the affluent metro area. Hometown titans Citigroup Inc. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. have scrambled to fend off the newcomers by expanding and modernizing their vast retail networks.

Bank of New York Co., the nation's oldest bank, has largely sat on the sidelines of this activity. Because of this -- and the likelihood more M&A deals beckon among New York banks -- some industry watchers think the bank might sell its retail banking business, operations that could fetch up to $5 billion.






Founded by Alexander Hamilton in 1784, Bank of New York has 341 branches in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. It has about 4 percent of the greater New York area's consumer deposits, making it one of the top 10 retail banks in the region. But over the past decade, Bank of New York's business model has become less reliant on retail banking, generating income instead from securities-processing and a slew of back-office and other more profitable services it provides around the world. Its second-quarter earnings rose 7 percent, driven by these businesses.

Meanwhile, retail banking profits have shrunk. Last year, they generated $201 million in pretax income -- less than 10 percent of total profits. A decade ago, it was more than one quarter of profits.

While its peers have aggressively opened more branches, the bank has done the opposite. It has fewer branches now than five years ago. Nor has it refurbished those branches or upgraded their technology.

"They haven't been keeping up," said Andrew Collins, an analyst with Piper Jaffray, which does business with Bank of New York.

In fact, the bank's performance has spawned an industry joke: When Alexander Hamilton set off in 1804 to face Aaron Burr in the duel that killed him, Hamilton directed Bank of New York officials not to do anything until he returned -- and, the punch line goes, they've heeded his instructions.

Despite what many see as the company's neglect of the retail business, it still has value. The retail bank has affluent customers and is "very heavy on good suburbs" like New York's Westchester County and Fairfield County, Conn., said Ray Soifer, an industry consultant. "It's a very desirable franchise from that standpoint."

Which is why some observers think the time has come for Bank of New York to sell it. .....


WSWS : News & Analysis : North America

Life sentence for Islamic fundamentalist Al-Timimi: an attack on free speech

By John Andrews
27 July 2005


On July 13, Dr. Ali Al-Timimi, a scientist and Islamic fundamentalist preacher, was sentenced to life in prison without parole plus 70 years on charges that he urged Muslim followers in the week following the September 11 terrorist attacks to leave the United States and support Islamic military efforts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Palestine, Indonesia and Russia.

Al-Timimi denied that he made any such appeal. His defense was that he only counseled Muslims that it might be wise to leave the United States because practicing Islam in America would be difficult after September 11, and that they should relocate in an Islamic country where they could freely practice their religion.

US-born Al-Timimi, 42, has been well known for years within certain Islamic circles for his lectures on the fundamentalist “salafi” form of Sunni Islam at the Center for Islamic Information and Education—also known as the Dar al Arqam Islamic Center—in Falls Church, Virginia.

A professional scientist who has lived most his life in the Washington, DC area, Al-Timimi has undergraduate degrees in biology and computer science and a doctorate in computational biology from George Mason University. He has published or coauthored at least 12 scientific articles, including pioneering work using computers to measure and analyze the presence of genes in various forms of cancer, and worked as a researcher for SRA International, a major information technology company and US government contractor.

The charges against him arise from a private September 16, 2001 dinner he attended at the home of one of his followers. He is accused of urging the other Muslim men in attendance to travel overseas for what one prosecution witness called “violent jihad.” He was not alleged to have been involved with planning or carrying out any terrorist act.

There was no evidence at trial that Al-Timimi actually undertook any actions to facilitate the men leaving the United States to join Islamic military movements. He did not arrange any financing or provide contacts overseas, for example.

Indeed, the evidence at trial established that the three men who eventually did leave the United States to join Pakistanis fighting against Indian forces over the disputed Kashmir region began planning their trip before the September 16 dinner.

The 10 counts against Al-Timimi consist of inducing others to conspire to use firearms and carry explosives, soliciting others to make war against the United States, attempting to contribute services to the Taliban, and inducing others to violate the Neutrality Act by taking part in military expeditions against countries with whom the United States is at peace.

Al-Timimi went on trial on April 4, 2005 in federal district court in Alexandria, Virginia. On April 26, the jury returned guilty verdicts on all counts.

The most serious charge was that Al-Timimi urged the others to engage in combat against US troops. The United States never declared war against Afghanistan, however, and the September 16 meeting preceded not only the US invasion itself, but also President Bush’s signing of the congressional resolution authorizing military action against Afghanistan in response to the 9/11 attacks.

US District Judge Leonie Brinkema herself called the life sentence “very draconian.” It was mandated by federal guidelines, however, once she denied all Al-Timimi’s post-trial motions to set aside the verdicts on the basis that they were not supported by the evidence and violated his First Amendment rights.

The case began when US government prosecutors in June of 2003 indicted 11 young Muslim men on charges of conspiring to travel to Pakistan to wage war against India. The group was commonly referred to as the “Virginia Jihad Network,” or simply, the “Virginia 11.” After the FBI claimed that many of them played “paintball” together in the Virginia woods to train for combat, the 11 were derided as the “paintball jihadists” in local media reports.

None of the men made it to Afghanistan or engaged in any combat against US troops or their allies. Nevertheless, they were prosecuted with a vengeance. Six of the 11 defendants pled to lesser charges early this year, their sentences ranging from two to twenty years. Of the five who went to trial, three were convicted and face prison sentences of up to 90 years. Two were acquitted.

Although Al-Timimi was not charged in their indictment, he was named as an unindicted coconspirator and identified as the group’s spiritual leader. Over a year later, the government indicted Al-Timimi on separate charges. After Al-Timimi rejected an offer to plead guilty in exchange for a sentence of 14 years, the case proceeded to trial.

The trial itself exhibited all the features of a witch-hunt. There were no victims. There was no claim that anyone involved with Al-Timimi actually perpetrated a specific crime or planned a terrorist act. The principal witnesses were alleged coconspirators pressured into plea deals granting sentence reductions in exchange for testimony.

The heart of the case was the dinner on September 16, 2001 attended by nine of the eleven “Virginia Jihadists” at which Al-Timimi supposedly solicited them to leave the United States and fight with Muslim forces in places such as Afghanistan, Chechnya, Palestine, Pakistan and Indonesia. Five days later, three of those at the meeting traveled to Pakistan, where they obtained two weeks of military training from Lashkar-e-Taiba, an organization seeking to drive India from Kashmir. Lashkar-e-Taiba was not at the time designated by the US as a terrorist organization.

The most damaging witness at trial was Yong Kee Kwon, a Korean-born convert to Islam and the host of the September 16 dinner. On direct examination he testified that Al-Timimi said that each man present should “repent,” leave the United States and “try to join the mujahideen.” Another witness at the meeting, Aatique Gharbieh, testified that Al-Timimi said “the battle in Afghanistan is imminent” and, although the Taliban “have problems in how they interpret or implement Islam . . . we should help them.” A third witness, Mahmood Hasan, said Al-Timimi announced, “Mullah Omar has called upon the Muslims to defend Afghanistan.” There was little else of substance in the evidence against Al-Timimi.

To bolster their case, the government prosecutors appealed openly to the fears and prejudices of the jurors with inflammatory and irrelevant evidence. For example, they played excerpts from videotapes depicting combat in various war zones found in searches of residences of the “Virginia Jihadists.” One, entitled “Russian Hell 2000,” which depicted the execution of a captive soldier in Chechnya, was supposedly particularly fascinating to Kwon. Yet all the witnesses testified that Al-Timimi was not aware of their watching the videos.

The prosecution made liberal use of Islamic doctrine and Al-Timimi’s teachings to paint him as a co-thinker of Osama bin Laden and therefore complicit in the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. The jury heard from a lecture given in 1990, before the first Gulf War, in which Al-Timimi attacked Shiites for “always unit[ing] themselves with enemies” while “the swords of the Sunni Muslims are dripping with the blood of Christians, Jews and idol worshipers and Allah has commanded us to make jihad against the enemies of Allah.” He added that “in an Islamic state” Shiite “heads should be lopped off.”

Judge Brinkema allowed the prosecutors to read an email allegedly sent by Al-Timimi on the morning of the Columbia shuttle catastrophe, February 1, 2003, long after all the alleged acts for which he was charged criminally. The email stated, “[T]here is no doubt that Muslims were overjoyed because of the adversity that befell their greatest enemy,” and it called the disaster a “good omen.”

The racism which pervaded the Al-Timimi prosecution was epitomized at very end of closing arguments. Assistant United States Attorney Gordon Kromberg told the jury, “If you’re a kafir [a non-Muslim] Timimi believes in time of war he’s supposed to lie to you. Don’t fall for it. Find him—find Sheik Ali Timimi—guilty as charged.”

Al-Timimi’s nationalist and religious obscurantist views, while deeply reactionary, clearly fall within the parameters of constitutionally protected free speech. The prosecution’s use of such evidence to stampede a jury into convicting him of multiple felonies flies in the face of the First Amendment.

Al-Timimi waged a two-part defense. First, his lawyer claimed the witnesses against his client should not be believed because they were pressured into incriminating him in exchange for leniency in their own cases, and, second, he argued that the statements of the prosecution witnesses were contradictory and incomplete.

In the unsuccessful post-trial challenge to the verdict, defense attorneys argued that Al-Timimi’s alleged statements at the September 16 dinner were protected speech because they were not inciting “imminent” violent acts—the listeners would have had to agree with Al-Timimi, make their way overseas, join Muslim military outfits, and engage in combat before any breach of the peace would have occurred.

Before sentence was pronounced, Al-Timimi read a 10-minute statement declaring his innocence and accusing the government of a frame-up. He recited the preamble to the Constitution, claiming that he committed it to memory “long before I was taught or learnt any passage of the Koran.” Focusing on the Constitution’s professed aim of creating “a more perfect union” to “establish justice,” Al-Timimi pointed out the hollowness of the case against him.

“Let us recall the crimes to which I was charged: advocating treason, soliciting war against the United States, providing aid and comfort to the enemy, conspiring to levy war against Israel, Russia, India, and Indonesia, and, of course, at every turn, the informal charge of terrorism.

“Charges I must say ‘abounding in crudities and absurdities.’ (Al-Timimi here quoted Aaron Burr, the one-time US vice president who was tried and acquitted for treason.)

“For to accept these charges we must believe that a solitary man who would spend his days working full-time at one of Fortune magazine’s one hundred best companies and then spend his evenings and weekends engaged in cancer research for a doctorate in computational biology, an individual who never owned or used a gun, never traveled to a military camp, never set foot in a country in which a war was taking place, never raised money for any violent organization would be—could be—the author of so much harm.”

Al-Timimi concluded his remarks with a clear warning about the implications of his case for democratic rights. “For if my conviction is to stand, it would mean that 230 years of America’s tradition of protecting the individual from the tyrannies and whims of the sovereign will have come to an end. And that which is exploited today to persecute a single member of a minority will most assuredly come back to haunt the majority tomorrow.”

Under house arrest until sentencing, Al-Timimi is now in the custody of the US Bureau of Prisons. His appeal will be heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, the most right-wing court in the nation. If the appellate court confirms the convictions, his only redress will be an appeal to the Supreme Court.

Aside from the personal injustice to Al-Timimi, the trial and life sentence are a stark warning of the extremes to which the US government is prepared to go in attacking constitutionally protected rights of free speech and political expression, under the cover of the “war on terrorism.”


The  Decatur Daily 7/24

Dismal’s Canyon
Sanctuary boasts Champion Tree, rare worms that glow in dark


By Jenny Thompson
DAILY Intern

jthompson@decaturdaily.com · 340-2447

PHIL CAMPBELL — Dismal's Canyon, nestled in 85 acres of soaring hemlocks and sweating bluffs, provides visitors a pristine view of the state's geological diversity. ....


Pueblo, Chickasaw and Cherokee tribes also called the Dismal's home at one time in history.

U.S. troops held a large group of Chickasaw Indians captive in the canyon in 1838 before forcing them to Muscle Shoals where they began what historians now call the Trail of Tears.

Outlaws, such as Jesse James and Aaron Burr, have also sought refuge in the canyon for their misdeeds because of its close proximity to the Natchez Trace.

Explorers found an old musket and cot in one of the dark spots of the canyon, and believed them to belong to Aaron Burr when he went into hiding after he killed Alexander Hamilton in an 1804 duel.

"You know the man never spent a day in jail for it," tour guide Darlene Cagle said. ..



Proposed letter to the editor:
I read your article on Dismal's Canyon, but was surprised to find an inaccuracy.
It states that Vice President Aaron Burr went into hiding near the Natchez Trace after killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel, and tour guide Darlene Cagle says Burr never spent a day in jail for it.
The truth is that Colonel Burr hated slavery, but Thomas Jefferson loved it, and was afraid if Burr settled on his land in Louisiana without slaves, the plantation owner power would be challenged. So TJ ordered Burr arrested for treason, and in three trials, Burr won.
As to "hiding," Hamilton insulted Burr, and then brought trick pistols to the Duel with secret hair triggers that only Hamilton knew about. AH shot first but too quickly, over Burr's head, while Burr shot normally.  Burr then completed his term as vice president by stopping Jefferson from impeaching a judge and taking over the judicial branch. Col. Burr departed, giving the most eloquent speech ever to the congress as he departed, reminding them that they kept the branches separate. Many senators wept.
Aaron Burr tried to settle out west, but was ordered arrested by Jefferson. He eventually led his own defense to victory in our most famous trial in history in Richmond, Virginia in 1807.
To put Burr and Jesse James in the same sentence is twisted.
Sincerely, Peter Tavino, Litchfield,CT 
Member, Aaron Burr Association.


NYTimes.com 7/22/05

Walking Tour: Greenwich Village


Greenwich Village, which New Yorkers invariably speak of simply as "the Village," enjoyed a raffish reputation for years. ...


Head east on Bleecker Street to Carmine Street and the Church of Our Lady of Pompeii, where Mother Cabrini, a naturalized Italian immigrant who became the first American saint, often prayed. When you reach Father Demo Square (at Bleecker Street and 6th Avenue), head up 6th Avenue to West 3rd Street and check out the basketball courts, where city-style basketball is played in all but the very coldest weather. Turn down West 3rd Street and check out the illustrious Blue Note, where jazz greats play. The next intersection brings you to MacDougal Street, once home to several illustrious names. The two houses at 127 and 129 MacDougal Street were built for Aaron Burr in 1829; notice the pineapple newel posts, a symbol of hospitality. Louisa May Alcott wrote Little Women while living at 130-132 MacDougal Street. The Provincetown Playhouse at No. 133 premiered many of Eugene O'Neill's plays. ...




Hoover's Institution
Anecdotes from the FBI crypt--and lessons on how to win the war.

Wednesday, July 20, 2005 12:01 a.m. EDT

I recently completed a rewarding year as co-chairman of President Bush's commission on intelligence, and I propose to discuss our recommendations regarding the FBI in light of my own unique experience with J. Edgar Hoover....


Former Director Louis Freeh initiated the practice of taking new FBI recruits through the Holocaust Museum to show what can happen when the law enforcement apparatus of a country becomes corrupted. I have always thought that sort of extreme example was a bit farfetched for our country, but there is an episode closer to home. I think it would be appropriate to introduce all new recruits to the nature of the secret and confidential files of J. Edgar Hoover. And in that connection this country--and the bureau--would be well served if his name were removed from the bureau's building. It is as if the Defense Department were named for Aaron Burr. Liberals and conservatives should unite to support legislation to accomplish this repudiation of a very sad chapter in American history. Mr. Silberman was co-chairman of President Bush's Commission on Intelligence Capabilities. This is adapted from a speech he delivered recently to the First Circuit Judicial Conference.

Response to article:  Naming the Defense Department after Aaron Burr would be no problem. Only high school sophomores think Burr was evil. Well read people know that Burr was innocent at his 1807 treason trial. Burr hated slavery while Jefferson loved it, so Jefferson tried to get Burr hung, but lost.
Go to www.AaronBurrAssociation.org for truth.


Weehawken, NJ Wreath Laying ceremony 7 am,  7/11/05,

Exactly 201 years after the Duel.

Weehawken Historical Commission and ABA.



Posted on Sat, Jul. 16, 2005



NMB tapper wins TV dance contest

The Sun News


Aaron Burr of North Myrtle Beach tapped his way to the top on "Good Morning America" on Friday, winning the Greatest Dancer in America Challenge.

The 12-year-old competed against the winners of the show's couples, freestyle and kids contests this week.

"I didn't know who was going to win because everybody was so great," Burr said.

His performance of the routine "Brooms" drew a unanimous vote from the judges, including entertainment legend Tommy Tune.

"I was happy when the first judge, Tommy Tune, voted for him," said Mary Helen Harvin, owner of Miss Libby's School of Dance, where Burr takes lessons.

"When the third one voted for him, I just burst into tears."

Getting feedback and encouragement from Tune was exciting for Aaron, said his mother, Melody Burr, and probably the highlight of the experience.

After nine years of dancing and more than a year of rehearsing this routine, the practice is paying off.

"It's just such a wonderful thing to see all his hard work come to fruition," Harvin said.



New Summer Series on The History Channel
Yahoo News (press release) - USA
... Then, it's a journey from Weehawken, New Jersey to Blennerhassett Island in the Ohio River to document Aaron Burr's aspirations to take over the US In Florida ...


REBELS AND TRAITORS: August 22 at 10 pm ET/PT: Learn about some of the lesser-known homegrown plots to rebel, revolt, and subvert the rule government. First, it's off to San Francisco to meet America's one and only Emperor -- Joshua Abraham Norton, who declared himself "Emperor of the United States of America and Protector of Mexico" in 1859. Next, the two Marks wade through cutlasses, treasure, and talking severed heads at the Pirate Soul pirate museum on the trail of one of America's original rebels, the pirate Blackbeard. Then, it's a journey from Weehawken, New Jersey to Blennerhassett Island in the Ohio River to document Aaron Burr's aspirations to take over the U.S. In Florida, our hosts explain how a really bad traffic jam led to Key West's secession in the 1980s.

WEIRD U.S. is produced by KPI for The History Channel. Executive Producer for The History Channel is Carl H. Lindahl.



7/15  http://www.mackinac.org/article.asp?ID=7163

A Governor Cries “Treason”

Gov. Jennifer Granholm of Michigan recently called for state Rep. Rick Baxter to be removed from office for a July 7, 2005 Wall Street Journal column he co-authored with Hillsdale professor Gary Wolfram. The commentary cited various publicly available measures of Michigan’s economic activity, while criticizing the governor’s current policy proposals, and it led her to assert, according to the July 11 Detroit News, that writing the column for a national publication was "treasonous to the state of Michigan."

The Journal’s editorial page has since fired back at the governor, and Detroit News columnist George Weeks has written a follow-up to his original article on her remarks. Given the amount of ink spilled on the story, it is worth reviewing the meaning of "treason" as defined in the U.S. and Michigan constitutions.


Despite the lack of precedent at the state level, there have been at least 40 prosecutions for treason under the U.S. Constitution, and the federal courts’ interpretation of "treason" gives us some basis for understanding the proper legal definition of term. Article 3, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution states, "Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort." This is almost identical to the language in the Michigan Constitution, so state courts would probably apply the federal standards to any prosecution for treason under Michigan law.

Federal courts in practice have interpreted the treason clause strictly, so that few prosecutions outside of wartime settings have been successful. The most famous peacetime treason trial was of Vice President Aaron Burr in 1807, and it resulted in his acquittal. Politically motivated attempts to convict opponents of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 were also unsuccessful.

Treason is the only crime defined in the U.S. Constitution, and for good reason. ...


Happy Fifth of July, New York!

Published: July 3, 2005
NY Times Op-Ed Contributors

Published: July 3, 2005

STANDING before a gathering of the Ladies' Antislavery Society in Rochester, Frederick Douglass, newspaper editor and internationally known voice of abolition, moved his audience with the force of his argument. It was July 5, 1852, the day after the national celebration of American independence. This former slave confronted a hushed crowd and a nation with the stunning question: "What, to the American slave, is your Fourth of July?"

Douglass followed his question, an indictment of America's commitment to the value of human freedom in the decades before the Civil War, with an equally challenging reply: "A day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim."

In the wake of the new federal Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which allowed bounty hunters to seize runaway slaves who had fled to states where slavery was illegal, Douglass spoke bitterly of the betrayal of American ideals. The law gave those accused of being fugitive slaves no right to a trial or even to speak in self-defense. It thus endangered the already precarious liberty of free black people everywhere in the country, including those in New York State, where slavery had officially ended a quarter century before in 1827.

Although most people today imagine slavery as a Southern institution, it existed in all of the original 13 British colonies. In New York, it was an important labor system for 200 years, beginning with the arrival of the first African slaves in New Amsterdam in 1627. Recent excavations in Lower Manhattan that uncovered the African Burial Ground have brought the city's connection to slavery to public attention. Still, most New Yorkers and Americans today have little sense of the city's and state's long involvement with slavery. Public schools teach little of the history of slavery that, as the historian Ira Berlin has recently remarked, "insinuated itself into every nook and cranny of life in New York City."

Slavery was central to New York's development from its formative years as a Dutch and British colony to the early days of the United States. During British rule, 40 percent of New York City households owned slaves, who accounted for 20 percent of the city's population. There were more slaves in New York City than in any other city in the British colonies except Charleston, S.C.

New Yorkers owned and traded in slaves, rented out their slaves as day laborers and produced ships and trading merchandise for slaving voyages. Landmarks in Manhattan that were built by slaves include the wall on Wall Street, Fort Amsterdam in what is now Battery Park, the road that became Broadway, the first and second Trinity Church buildings and the first city hall (the Dutch Stadt Huys on Pearl Street).

The story of New York's black population during slavery includes heroes like the poet Jupiter Hammon and the actor James Hewlett who resisted injustice even as they produced a rich cultural legacy in the face of adversity. And New Yorkers - both black and white - fought to erase slavery from the state. Several prominent New Yorkers, including Aaron Burr, John Jay and Alexander Hamilton, encouraged by Long Island's Quaker population, formed the New York Manumission Society, the state's first antislavery club, in 1785, and two years later established the African Free School in New York City to educate freed slaves.

New York antislavery forces pressured newspapers not to run slave-sale advertisements and auction houses not to hold slave sales. They also provided free legal council to slaves seeking to sue their masters for freedom.

These efforts bore fruit when the State Legislature enacted a gradual emancipation law that took effect on July 4, 1799. The law freed all children born to slave women after July 4, 1799, but only after at least two decades of forced indenture. Males became free at age 28, and females at age 25. Until then, they were tied to the service of the mother's master. Unrestricted freedom did not come to New York's slaves until a new emancipation law took effect 28 years later, on July 4, 1827.

Page 2 of 2)

As that date approached, there was considerable debate among New York's black residents over how to celebrate abolition of slavery. In March 1827, two New Yorkers, the Rev. Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm, established Freedom's Journal, the nation's first black-owned newspaper, and its early issues resound with this debate. Black New Yorkers worried, among other things, that a parade on Broadway on the Fourth of July to celebrate abolition would be disrupted; white revelers often attacked blacks on public holidays.

In the end, the day after was chosen for the commemoration. And on July 5, 1827, 4,000 blacks marched along Broadway, preceded by an honor guard on horseback and a grand marshal carrying a drawn sword. The parade wound through the downtown streets to the African Zion Church, where the abolitionist leader William Hamilton declared, "This day we stand redeemed from a bitter thralldom." Celebrations were held around the state. Even blacks in Boston and Philadelphia celebrated the news from New York. Thus, both Douglass's speech about the significance of Independence Day to American slaves and the celebration of slavery's end in New York on July 4, 1827, took place on the fifth.

There are no public celebrations of the fifth today, but as the history of New York's long involvement in slavery becomes better known to New Yorkers through lectures, debates, exhibitions and in discussions about the proper way to memorialize the African Burial Ground, it is fitting to reclaim the powerful significance of July 4 and 5, 1827, as a holiday of freedom for all New Yorkers.

By restoring this historical meaning, we acknowledge the role our city and state played in the institution of slavery. We also honor the African-Americans who overcame its hardships and injustices to make important contributions to New York City's cultural life, as did other immigrants who came here more willingly.

We are the heirs of July 4, treasuring - as Douglass did - the vision of independence set forth in Philadelphia in 1776. But we are also the heirs of July 5, which recognizes the evolution of human freedom in our state.






The New York Sun


The War for Independence In New York

July 1, 2005


This Independence Day, increase your appreciation by realizing that the ground we stand on in New York was the site of some of the most pivotal battles of the Revolutionary War.

Imagine in the heart of Times Square a corn field dotted with stone walls where the island's two main dirt roads converged. That is where George Washington rode on horseback to meet one of his top generals, Israel Putnam, along with his aide Aaron Burr, to discuss the British invasion of Manhattan at Kips Bay after they launched from Newtown Creek, which now divides Brooklyn and Queens. Remember that on September 11, 1776, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin met with British Admiral Richard Howe on Staten Island for a conference to try to avert further escalation of the war. The first fleet of French soldiers who came to aid the cause of American liberty landed at what is now Sandy Hook. Later, major battles were fought at Throgs Neck in the Bronx and Harlem Heights and northern Manhattan. ...




The Morning File

Road Trip ... Destination: Bridgewater

Thursday, June 30, 2005

By Bob Batz Jr., Pittsburgh Post-Gazette


Rows of Sharon

In 1805, before it became part of Bridgewater (1868), the village of Sharon was where several "Orleans boats" were built to carry men and supplies to a Louisiana colony planned by none other than Aaron Burr, who of course played Perry Mason and Ironsides on TV. Actually, Aaron was the guy who in 1804 out-dueled Alexander Hamilton. While he was Thomas Jefferson's vice president, Burr's alleged conspiracy to take over the Southwest from Spain got him arrested for treason. There's a historical marker along Riverside Drive, which follows the Beaver River from downtown (past the Pit-Stop Family Restaurant) to the town's riverside nightlife district.



Letter to the Editor

I found your article by Bob Batz, about Sharon/Bridgewater boat building two centuries ago to be quite interesting.
Aaron Burr was no longer vice president when he pioneerd to the west on a river boat he had built  for only a hundred and thirty three dollars. On April 20, 1805 he floated down the Ohio River in his craft measuring some 60' by 14'. In 1858, James Parton tells us it "contained four apartments, a dining room, a kitchen with fire place, and two bedrooms, all lighted by glass windows, and the whole covered by a roof, which served as a promenade deck... Of propelling power it had none, but merely floated down the swift and winding stream, aided occasionally, and kept clear of snags and sand banks, by a dexterous use of pole.  In the spring, the current of the Ohio rushes along with surprising swiftness, carrying with it an ark or raft eight miles an hour... For hundreds and hundreds of miles, this most monotonously beautiful of rivers winds and coils itself about among those never-varying, seldom receding hills."
You are indeed fortunate to live in such a wonderful part of our country.  Aaron Burr and so many others recognized the beauty of our great country as we pushed westward through our history.
To follow up, Aaron Burr defended himself successfully against his former president Thomas Jefferson's attempt to have Burr hung for treason that Burr did not commit. Jefferson wanted slavery out west, while Burr was anti slavery, and prevailed.
Peter Tavino
Litchfield, CT





For local historians, this Independence Day is going to be a little more special this year.


From time to time, historians from these shoreline towns stop into the office, offering warm smiles, handshakes and pieces of historical gold.
A recent visit to the Pictorial last month was no different. A quiet, humble man said little before he left the office, only staying long enough to say, "you might find this interesting."
And we did.
The clipping he left from the July 8, 1801, edition of the Connecticut Gazette couldn't have been more timely as Independence Day draws near.
The article gave a short description of the day's activities in "Say-Brook," just 25 years after winning the nation's independence, and then listed 16 reasons to be thankful.
Much like the evening fireworks displays that dot the shoreline skies, the anonymous writer describes the small state's morning reverie that opened with a "firing of the cannon and the ringing of bell."
By noon, testimonials of joy were repeated and an hour later, Elisha Hart, William Lynde and other citizens of Say-Brook joined the Rev. Hotchkiss at his home for the day's prayers and oration. Afterwards, of course, a large group joined Mr. H. Pratt at his home for a "social repast prepared for the occasion," full of toasts and merriment. It seems two centuries haven't changed much of our shoreline's celebration of our nation's independence.
It was the toasts, though, that perhaps we should remember this holiday weekend, raising our own glasses at our social repasts, to give thanks for things and people we otherwise take for granted.
The 1801 toasts remembered the "ever memorable" July 4, 1776, and the patriots who signed the Declaration of Independence. "May tyrants tremble, and the freemen rejoice."
They toasted the nation of the United States, praying that they forever "preserve their dignity Independent of all foreign nations."
They held their glasses high for George Washington, the current President Thomas Jefferson and Vice President Aaron Burr, and the former President John Adams. None of the celebrants knew that 25 years later to the day, both Adams and Jefferson would die, at the ages of 90 and 83, respectively.
The Say-Brook toasts continued, remembering those who fought and bled for the country, the Militia of the United States, the clergy and the Governor and State of Connecticut.
They thanked the American Fair, "the pride of the country," and American Commerce, hoping "Merchantmen rejoice together on the ocean unsearched."
The last three men remembered were local heroes, critical in making the shoreline what it is today: the gallant Captain Wadsworth, who was instrumental in the hiding of the Connecticut Charter in what has become known as the Charter Oak tree back in 1687; George Fenwick, who was honored for leaving "the shores of tyranny" to defend himself and the land that we now call Old Saybrook; and finally, Captain Thomas Bull, the first commander of Say-Brook Fort, who repelled the British in 1675.
With smiles on their faces, the writer described the final cannon shot and the immediate dispersal of the small crowd to their dwellings at precisely 7 p.m.
May we all enjoy our Independence Day remembrances and keep those toasting glasses high in the air.





Stately elm lives on as one of its offspring takes root
By: David Campbell, Staff Writer 06/24/2005
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Staff photo by Mark Czajkowski

A new elm is raised into position near the stump of the old tree in Princeton Cemetery.

Old tree was 278 years old when it fell to Dutch elm disease

   Many Princeton residents underwent feelings of grief when Princeton Cemetery's nearly 300-year-old elm tree was cut down this spring.
   A massive stump — its width is a testament to its age — is all that remains of the tree that once stood behind the cemetery's gate at Witherspoon and Wiggins streets.
   According to cemetery superintendent Douglas Sutphen, every effort was made to save the elm, which was identified as one of the parent trees of the Princeton elm.
   But despite repeated pruning and treatments, the tree finally succumbed to Dutch elm disease. The cemetery superintendent said that once it died, beetles moved in and compromised its stability, making the dead elm a public-safety hazard, because some of its large branches had overhung the sidewalk and roadway.
   The tree stood at that spot during the Battle of Princeton in January 1777. After it was taken down in late March and early April, several residents lamented its loss. Someone even placed a bouquet of flowers on the stump.
   Now, people who cared about the old tree have reason to celebrate, because a genetic offspring of the elm was put in the ground Thursday not far from where the parent tree once stood.
   Wholesale nurseryman Roger Holloway of Riveredge Farms in Atlanta, who donated the Princeton elm sapling that was installed about 15 feet from the stump of the old tree, was onsite for the planting.
   "They counted 278 rings when they cut the (old) tree down, one ring for each year that it was alive," he said prior to the installation. He said there's a photo of Aaron Burr's grave at the cemetery dated about 1854 and that the elm was huge then. "I've always said the thing has been there throughout all of American history," he said.
   The Princeton elm was introduced by Princeton Nurseries in the 1920s, selected for cloning by William Flemer Jr. It was Mr. Holloway who confirmed the cemetery elm as a parent of the Princeton elm variety. He began selling the Princeton variety in 2000 and today is perhaps the largest producer of the strain in the world.....




From Letters to the Editor 6/15/05

Columbia University Magazine, Spring 2005 page 69

The Second Second

Your article on the Hamilton-Burr rematch ("Duel Degree" winter) failed to note that Burr's second this time around was Peter T___. ('78SEAS). Not only did he portray William P. VanNess, but Peter also provided the dueling pistols, which are replicas of the real thing.

Cliff Wattly '72 SEAS

Ridgefield, CT

Having worked with the Weehawken Historical Commission to plan the bicentennial event, Peter Tavino was indeed Antonio Burr's second at the July 11 reenactment. Last fall he lectured to the Columbia University Alumni Club of Fairfield County on Burr and Hamilton and fired his pistols in another restaging of the duel. "I met David Rockefeller at the Council on Foreign Relations," Tavino told us, "and we discussed the original pistols he has in the vault of Chase Manhattan, the bank founded by Aaron Burr.  My pistols were used in the History Channel documentary Duel, with Richard Dreyfuss." - Ed.



commentary 6/13/05
Why no coin for Lt. Pike?
By Ed Quillen
Denver Post Columnist


At the post office the other day, I got some change, and one of the shiny nickels looked odd. The clerk helpfully explained that it was one of the new "Buffalo Nickels" which honor the bicentennial of the 1804-06 expedition of the American Corps of Discovery, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark.

There's another Lewis and Clark nickel scheduled for later this year, and the mint issued a Sacajawea dollar coin in 2000, to honor the Shoshone woman who helped that expedition find its way. The portrait on that coin also represented one of the great moments in coinage creativity, since no one has any idea what Sacajawea really looked like.

Just a month ago, the Postal Service issued three Lewis and Clark stamps, and there are a host of re-enactments, tours, festivals and the like all along their route from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River and back.

Not to take anything away from Lewis and Clark, but it does seem astonishing that America devotes so much attention to their bicentennial, while essentially ignoring the bicentennial of another American expedition into the West. That, of course, is the 1806-07 trek led by Lt. Zebulon Montgomery Pike from St. Louis to the Arkansas River to its source in the highest of the Rocky Mountains, then into the San Luis Valley and his capture by Spanish soldiers. Anyone who has read Pike's journals (which are, of course, out of print) cannot help but be astonished by the pluck and perseverance that it took to march barefoot in the Rockies in the dead of winter.

There are some commemorations planned by the Santa Fe Trail Association and the Colorado Springs Pioneer Museum. But there are no stamps, no coins, no TV specials, no acts of Congress. As far as the national agenda is concerned, Pike never lived, even if he died in service to his country, leading a charge at Toronto during the War of 1812.

Why is it that America loves Lewis and Clark, and ignores Pike? My best guess, after years of sober contemplation, is that Lewis and Clark fit the traditional notions of American virtue: They were just trying to find a route, make deals with the Indians along the way, and add to the store of scientific knowledge.

In other words, they fit the Republican notion that our history classrooms should teach the "nobility of America," rather than what actually happened. The local right-thinkers certainly won't criticize a high-school history teacher for addressing Lewis and Clark.

Now consider Pike. He led two expeditions - one to find the source of the Mississippi, another to find the start of the Red River (now known to


be in the Panhandle of Texas but then assumed to be in our mountains) - and failed at both.

Pike's motives are mysterious to this day, for he could have been part of a conspiracy that led to former vice-president Aaron Burr's trial for treason in 1807.

Lewis and Clark got their orders directly from President Thomas Jefferson, but Pike's orders came from Gen. James Wilkinson, governor of Louisiana Territory. Wilkinson was supposed to be defending America as tensions grew with Spain, which then ruled over a big chunk of our West. But Wilkinson was also on the Spanish payroll, and he conspired with Burr toward raising a private army so they could set up their own empire on this side of the Mississippi.

To this day, historians argue about whether Pike was an honest soldier of the United States, or a spy sent by Wilkinson to examine Spanish defenses along that empire's northern frontier, and whether that spying was for the benefit of Wilkinson, the U.S. Army officer, or Wilkinson, the Burr conspirator.

Pike's story is not a simple one, and we don't know a lot of it. But Pike cannot be addressed without delving into conspiracies, double agents, secret payrolls, ambiguities, multiple motives, disputed boundaries, espionage and treason.

It is for this reason, I suspect, that schoolbooks gloss over Pike if they mention him at all. The politics of the Pike expedition are vastly more interesting than those of the Corps of Discovery, but Pike is just too complex to fit into the myth of America the Inevitable and Ever Virtuous, whereas Lewis and Clark slide right into the national self-image.

Honoring Pike with a stamp or coin would bring up a lot of history that many people would prefer to ignore; it is, after all, much simpler to admire the "Undaunted Courage" of Lewis and Clark than to explore the tangled intrigues of American politics two centuries ago.

Ed Quillen of Salida (ed@cozine.com) is a former newspaper editor whose column appears Tuesday and Sunday.




Please read up on Aaron Burr.
He was betrayed by Wilkinson.
Burr had no idea Wilkinson was a Spanish spy.
Burr's trial ended with his being not guilty despite slave owner Jefferson wanting Burr hung.
Pike did map out Spanish territory at a time when war seemed imminent.
Perhaps they should name a military satellite after him.
Pike's Peak in the sky.
And having a coin seems reasonable since we give our precious ten to the duel cheating Hamilton.
Please see www.AaronBurrAssociation.org





June 3, 2005 at 7:47 PM

Doug Grow: Collector's find? It was in the cards

Doug Grow,  Star Tribune
June 4, 2005 GROW0604


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Ah, sweet vindication for all who have continued to collect baseball cards as childhood turns to middle age.

Tony Kowalewski, 46 and adult in most ways, pulled into the Northtown Shinders, in need of a break from his grownup errands a few days ago.

With guilt in his heart -- his spouse, Veronica, doesn't always appreciate his sports card collection habit -- he bought a box of the recently released series of Topps baseball cards. There are 24 packs of 12 cards each in a box. Total cost: About $50.

 Kowalewski, a special ed teacher in Forest Lake, said his hand was almost mystically drawn to the box he purchased. He went to his car, hoping for maybe one of the rare Barry Bonds cards.

First pack, nothing special.

Second pack, nothing special.

Third pack, nothing special.

"But the fourth pack felt a little thicker," he said.

Fingers quivering, he opened the pack and, sure enough, there was a specially wrapped card, congratulating him. "You've just received a one of one Martin Luther King autograph card."

MLK never played big league ball. But his card is part of the "Power Brokers" series put out by Topps this spring in an effort to bring non-baseball fans into the baseball card market. The series includes 50 characters ranging from the likes of Aaron Burr to Hubert Humphrey to Walter Cronkite to Strom Thurmond -- and, of course, King. There's just one card of each of the characters from this eclectic list. ...



SARATOGA SPRINGS, N.Y., May 26 - For sale: One Greek Revival mansion, summer home of the 19th-century social climber Madame Eliza Jumel, who married and divorced Vice President Aaron Burr. Asking price: $750,000. Walking distance to Saratoga Gaming and Raceway and downtown. Legends, ghost stories and colorful rumors included. Fixer-upper.

Stewart Cairns for The New York Times

The Jumel mansion, built around 1832, is for sale at $750,000.


Stewart Cairns for The New York Times

Dr. Leo Hoge, a former owner of the Jumel mansion in Saratoga Springs, N.Y., toured the historic house last week, his first visit in 35 years.


A portrait of Madame Jumel in a book on her life at the mansion.

Built around 1832, the white-columned house was put up for sale after its most recent owner, Richard Speers, a popular mathematics professor at Skidmore College, died of a heart attack in February.

It was clear that Mr. Speers had a sense of humor about the home occupied by one of Saratoga's most notorious residents. He named his two standard poodles "Madame" and "Eliza."


May 29, 2005 NYTimes book review on Vindication:
In late 1790 Wollstonecraft's ''Vindication of the Rights of Men,'' the first counter to Edmund Burke's treatise on the dangers of the French Revolution, was published anonymously; ''all the best journals of the day discussed it.'' But when she produced ''The Vindication of the Rights of Woman'' just 14 months later, her name was on the title page and all hell broke loose. It was the most immodest emergence of a woman's voice in memory and the 32-year-old Wollstonecraft became famous. While the American statesman Aaron Burr declared ''your sex has in her an able advocate . . . a work of genius'' (and John Adams teased his wife, Abigail, for being a ''Disciple of Wollstonecraft!'') Horace Walpole's reaction was more typical. He called her a ''hyena in petticoats.''







Hello -

I am descended from Solomon Stoddard, Burr's great-great-grandfather, have read much on Burr and am puzzled that apparently so few of his speeches and writings survive.  Might you direct me to a source where I could find his noted farewell speech to Senate?
Thank you.

Peter Stoddard
Seaside FL

Peter, I am posting your request on this web site.

Perhaps a reader can respond to you and me: PeterJTJ@aol.com

We are talking about the greatest ovation ever delivered before the US Senate

that left many senators in tears when Burr described how important their work was

to stop Jefferson's slave advocates from taking over our judicial branch.

I have parts of that speech in one of the dozens of Burr books in my library,

but perhaps a reader has it in its entirety if in fact it was ever recorded.

If so, would you be so kind as to send it to both Peter's for publication here?



Portland Press Herald/Maine Sunday Telegram

Sunday, May 15, 2005


BOOK REVIEW: Lloyd Ferriss


'Rivers of Memory' a delightful paddle in midcoast Maine

...On this same trip, a few short miles down the Kennebec, Gibson's passage east of Swan Island gave him the chance to weave history into his river narrative - in this case through the Jacataqua tale.

In the 1700s, Gibson tells us, Jacataqua lived on Swan Island, located just offshore present-day Richmond. Part French and part Abanaki Indian, Jacataqua married Aaron Burr and accompanied him on the ill-fated 1775 Arnold expedition to Quebec.

True or not, Gibson recounts the rumor that, years after the Arnold expedition, Jacataqua drowned herself upon hearing that Burr shot Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

During his southern Kennebec excursion, Gibson does more than just paddle the river. At one point he detours to the Eastern River, where his kayak bumps a sturgeon.

The following day he scoots into the Cathance ...





Accused peeping Tom wanted a little more


By Michael Hasch
Friday, May 13, 2005


A suspected peeping Tom is accused of burglarizing the homes of young women he had earlier watched undress.

Aaron Burr, 23, who had addresses in Lincoln-Lemington and Morningside, is charged with three break-ins and an attempted burglary in Morningside, Pittsburgh police Lt. Robert Roth said.

He is a suspect in at least two other burglaries in Morningside and Highland Park, city burglary detective Michael Pilyih said.

"Burr admitted he would look into windows at females in various stages of undress for sexual gratification and would later burglarize the locations, taking small electronic items," Roth said.



Burr was arrested Wednesday when he appeared in the courtroom of Allegheny County Common Pleas Judge Kathleen A. Durkin to stand trial on charges filed in connection with similar crimes that occurred last year, Pilyih said.

Pilyih and his partner, David Jellison, initially believed the Morningside break-ins were committed by the serial burglar suspected of breaking into more than two dozen homes in Highland Park and Point Breeze.

But after talking to the young women involved, the detectives remembered that they had arrested Burr for similar crimes last year.

Burglary detectives John Mihalcin and Gregory Schanck, who also were involved in the investigation, said it is very rare to have a peeping Tom involved in burglaries.

"Most burglars target a residence, get inside, steal the goods and liquify them as soon as possible for money to buy drugs or whatever," Pilyih said.

Detectives said Burr did not attempt to touch any of the women.

"In three of the cases, Burr was confronted by female residents and fled the area, asking them not to call police," Roth said.

Burr, who now is in the Allegheny County Jail, is charged with burglarizing an apartment on Stanton Avenue on April 8 and 19, attempting to break into an apartment on Heths Avenue on April 28 and burglarizing a home on Chislett Street the next night.


American history is right at home in New Hope
Mules haul tourists on Delaware Canal barges
By Ronald Hube
Special To The Sun
Originally published May 12, 2005

Just before the Civil War, thousands of mule-drawn boats carried coal, lumber and produce along the Delaware Canal in eastern Pennsylvania. Today, mules still pull vessels through the manmade waterway, but the numbers are far fewer, and instead of food and materials, the boats carry tourists....

For an overview of New Hope history, architecture and many shops and restaurants, take a guided walking tour of the town at 11 a.m. any morning Wednesday through Sunday. The tours meet rain or shine at the cannon next to the Logan Inn at Ferry and Main streets. Ghost tours start at the same spot at 8 p.m. on Saturdays June-November - you might spot the spirit of Aaron Burr, the U.S. vice president who fled to New Hope in 1804 after killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel.....



May 11, 2005


On Bluffs and Nuclear Options

By Lee Harris  Published   05/11/2005 

But if the filibuster tradition is really a tradition, who started it? ...


Who Invented the Filibuster?


To discover the question to this question, I turned off my computer, got out my battered edition of The Encyclopedia Britannia, and shortly discovered that the filibuster tradition does not have quite the pedigree that current Democrat polemists have assigned to it. "From 1789 to 1828 the presiding officer of the senate…had, in practice, the unappealable power to stop superfluous motions and tedious speeches, and evidence seems to indicate that this power was used by vice-presidents John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr."




May 8, 2005 

City Lore  NY Times.com

Before Richard Meier, There Were - Plants

For all its cutting-edge, 21st-century glory, and despite the fact that Manhattan would seem an inhospitable place for greenhouses, the Nolen Greenhouses is part of a lineage reaching back deeply into the city's history. Historical records show that as early as 1793, a commercial nursery existed in Lower Manhattan with a business that was engaged in "keeping sundry plants in winter," and a client list that included luminaries like Aaron Burr and Robert Livingston.

The glass structures were an import from Europe, which was enjoying a "mania" for hothouses, as the English botanist J. C. Loudon wrote, and "glass horticulture" was a modern marvel that allowed people to "exhibit spring and summer in the midst of winter" and "to give man so proud a command over Nature."


May 2. 2005






Monday, May 02, 2005
— Time: 7:45:53 AM EST


Blennerhassett Island begins new season



PARKERSBURG - A stream of visitors trickled to Blennerhassett Island Historical State Park Sunday as the island opened its shores to begin a new season of tourism.

The attendance wasn't spectacular - officials say that opening day never is - and nothing compared to what it will see in a few months when school buses from across the state bring children to the island for end-of-the-school-year field trips.

The island is a common field-trip destination because of its historical significance and the reconstructed mansion of Harman and Margaret Blennerhassett, who lived there in the early 19th Century.

The island was once nationally known as a place of notoriety in much the same way as the Watergate Hotel was in the 1970s. It was on the island that former Vice President Aaron Burr tried to raise an army to establish a western empire.

The plot failed and Burr was charged with treason. He was acquitted, but would again make news when he shot and killed former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton.

Volunteers serving as tour guides help the island promote its rich history. Tour guides, dressed in 19th-century clothing led the visitors on tours of the mansion. ....

(Someone should remind them that Burr and Hamilton dueled before Burr visited the Blennerhassetts.)



April 24, 2005


Offerings examine presidential campaigns past



"Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800," by John Ferling, Oxford University Press, $26, 288 pages.

"1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft & Debs -- The Election that Changed the Country," by James Chace, Simon & Schuster, $25.95. 283 pages.

"Happy Days Are Here Again: The 1932 Democratic Convention, the Emergence of FDR, and How America Was Changed Forever," by Steve Neal, William Morrow, $26.95, 324 pages.



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By Richard Robbins
Sunday, April 24, 2005

Politics is never out of season, especially the presidential kind. These three books examine three campaigns past.

The first, "Adams vs. Jefferson," delves into a campaign of extraordinary complexity that was complicated still further by the sheer newness of the process. Only the second contested presidential election in U.S. history (the first was the election of 1796), the contestants barely trusted one another to do the right thing. (Well, that much hasn't changed.) The rules of the political game were pretty much in flux.

At first blush, the issue of trust seems odd. The principals, John Adams, the incumbent president, and Thomas Jefferson, the incumbent vice president, come down to us as paragons of democratic virtue. However, the two men, once and future friends, could barely stomach one another in 1800. Their saving grace was a mutual distrust of Aaron Burr, who finished ahead of Adams and thus became Jefferson's vice president.

Before plunging into "Adams vs. Jefferson" try to clear your mind of the modern presidential election tableau: tediously long primary season, party conventions, campaign stop hoopla, election night vigils.




To: rrobbins@tribweb.com


They did not have a mutual distrust of Aaron Burr.
Burr hated slavery that Jefferson loved.
Burr hated that only the rich Federalists could vote that Adams and Hamilton loved.
Please go to www.AaronBurrAssociation.org for more info.




April 23, 2005

   Jersey City Reporter.com

Local News


Mysteries of his father

JC native writes of his parents, Frank Hague, and era long gone


Ricardo Kaulessar
Reporter staff writer
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"Maybe it was time to tell the whole story. The public triumphs and the private tragedy...Maybe I could finally explain to myself and others how fear of Teddy Fleming turned to forgiveness and dislike to admiration."

With those words, Jersey City native Thomas Fleming starts his new book, "Mysteries of My Father: An Irish-American Memoir" (John Wiley & Sons; 336 pp., April 2005).

Fleming, the author of 40 books, chronicles in his memoir a personal, turbulent history in Jersey City during the era of Irish-Americans becoming powerful players in the city's politics. That rise culminated in the reign of legendary mayor Frank Hague.

...Fleming said that this book was "the whole story of the Flemings," and that he has finished writing about his family history, although he hopes to a do a memoir of his experiences as a writer that will feature his father.

"It was the most difficult of my 40 books to get right," he said. "I rewrote the whole thing nine times. The emotions were so strong it was hard to think calmly about the writing."

Fleming's other books include "Liberty! The American Revolution," "Duel: Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, and the Future of America," and many more.


Fleming will be making an appearance at his alma mater, St. Peter's Prep in Jersey City, this Wednesday with a 6:30 p.m. lecture followed by a book signing. For more information, call Ginny Needham-Doyle at (201) 547-6420.


April 19, 2005


Chess in the mainstream world today
19.04.2005 Last Sunday ESPN aired a story about Bobby Fischer. Jeremy Schaap traveled to Iceland and reported on what he found. But he mainly went there to confront and provoke Bobby. Susan Polgar, who knows and admires Schaap, is distressed to see chess reduced to this theme on a national sports channel. Here are her thoughts on the subject.

Chess – a world phenomenon

By Susan Polgar

.....In government and politics, chess players include: John Quincy Adams, Spiro Agnew, Yasser Arafat, Menachem Begin, Napoleon Bonaparte, Willy Brandt, Zbigniew Brzesinski, Aaron Burr, Jimmy Carter and family, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Grover Cleveland, Francisco Franco, Benjamin Franklin,.....



Hobby Brings History Of Dumfries to Life

Town Captured in Booklets, Sketches

By Stephanie McCrummen

Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, April 10, 2005; Page PW10

Prince William officials have pledged to do more to preserve the county's disappearing historic places and artifacts. This is one in an occasional series of articles taking stock of what once was by touring the county's 68 historical markers as they are mapped in the "Prince William County Historical Marker Guide."

Following the map of Prince William County's historical markers into Dumfries, one is likely to encounter Lee Lansing, town historian and informal steward of marker No. 16, a rock sunk in an empty, lumpy field where the county's third courthouse stood until it was destroyed during the Civil War. ...

Schoolchildren often get their first impression of local history from Lansing, who visits their classes. Lansing and others also helped resurrect what is thought to be the home of Benjamin Botts, a lawyer who defended Aaron Burr, and Mason Locke Weems, a sort of itinerant storyteller who popularized the myth about George Washington chopping down a cherry tree.

Lansing's ...


April 9 Artdaily.com:   Before Victoria: Extraordinary Women at NYPL
Art Daily - USA
... the Rights of Woman reverberated through British culture for generations and whose egalitarian child-rearing theories were followed by the likes of Aaron Burr. ...


A tree falls in Princeton: Historic cemetery elm finally succumbs

April 7, 2005, 12:17 PM EDT

PRINCETON, N.J. -- A majestic 150-foot elm that towered over the Princeton Cemetery for centuries and helped other trees resist disease is no more.

Ravaged by old age and Dutch elm disease, the tree _ estimated to be more than 200 years old _ was cut down Wednesday, leaving a 3{-foot tall stump.


The tree, which is credited by molecular biologists with spawning a breed of disease-resistant elms, stood in a corner of the cemetery, somehow escaping the Dutch elm disease that claimed millions of trees in the U.S. in the 1970s and 1980s.

The tree grew so big that its 7{-foot base grew to cover two tombstones; its stump cannot be removed without damaging them. The offspring of the elm, which ended up a victim of the Dutch elm fungus, are thought to be more disease-resistant than the tree.

"It was losing bark all along the main branches," said Edvin Jordan, who began the task of cutting it down last week and finished Wednesday. "That means it was not going to grow anymore," he told the New York Times.

The tree's exact age isn't known although it is clearly visible in the background of an 1854 photograph of former Vice President Aaron Burr's grave.


4/7/05 Castile Man Fighting for Life
WIVB - Buffalo,NY,USA
Sheriff's deputies say 23 year old Aaron Burr of Castile turned into the path a tractor trailer on Route 20 in the Town of Bethany Wednesday night. ...



The Searcy Daily Citizen Local Weather

Weather Magnet

April 2, 1800: On this day a New York City jury acquitted Levi Weeks of murder in a case known as the Manhattan Well Mystery. This trial occurred in the early days of our justice system when the finer points of evidence and objections and questioning had not yet developed. Weeks was accused of killing Elma Sands, whose body was found at the bottom of a well on Jan. 2, 1800. Both Sands and Weeks lived in a respectable boardinghouse in lower Manhattan and Sands had told her family she and Weeks were engaged to be married. In fact, the ceremony was to have taken place just before Christmas. She left the house, supposedly going to meet Weeks to be married, but was never seen alive again. In 1800 trials didn't stop in the late afternoon or even the early evening. They continued until the judge decided it was time to stop. In this two-day trial, 75 witnesses were heard and the jury (which didn't contain women in those early years) returned its acquittal verdict at 3 a.m. on April 2. The defense lawyers were Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr. The citizens of New York considered Weeks guilty and followed him on the streets with shouts of "Murderer!" Weeks left and moved to Natchez, Miss where he became a respected citizen and an upright family man. (See "The Original 'Dream Team'" on Internet for a more inclusive coverage of this murder.)

April 3, 1882: On this date Jesse James, one of America's most notorious outlaws, was shot to death by Robert Ford, a member of his gang who hoped to collect the $10,000 bounty on Jesse.




In addition to new projects, the University president pointed to the renovation of existing buildings, including Aaron Burr Hall, which is undergoing "a major face-lift" at the southeast corner of Nassau Street and Washington Road. (His Dad of course)


3/30/05   (First article in Aaron Burr In the News)



Public can give electronic voting a test drive today
By Thomas Burr
The Salt Lake Tribune


If you have half an hour today, you too can vote the Alexander Hamilton/Aaron Burr presidential ticket. Or instead of the famous duel team, you could select James Madison and George Clinton, or John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.
   Those choices will be on some of the new voting equipment state elections officials are touting during a mock election today from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. at the South Towne Mall in Sandy to gather input on which new voting devices Utah should purchase.

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